Matthew S. Elliott

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Queuosine is a hypermodified nucleoside found in position 34, the anticodon wobble position, of four tRNA species. This modification is distributed with near uniformity across all life forms found on this planet. Yet the molecular mechanisms involved with accomplishing this ubiquitous posttranscriptional modification of tRNA are dramatically different(More)
Computational modeling was performed to determine the potential function of the queuosine modification of tRNA found in wobble position 34 of tRNAasp, tRNAasn, tRNAhis, and tRNAtyr. Using the crystal structure of tRNAasp and a tRNA-tRNA-mRNA complex model, we show that the queuosine modification serves as a structurally restrictive base for tRNA anticodon(More)
With normal human skin fibroblasts in culture, a transient decrease in queuine modification of tRNA precedes a phorbol ester tumor promoter-induced 5- to 10-fold increase in saturation density. Subsequently, an increase in the queuine content of cellular tRNA (to levels comparable to those in untreated cultures) precedes a decrease in saturation density.(More)
Cell cultures derived from human neonatal foreskins (HF cells) are susceptible to phorbol-12,13-didecanoate- (PDD) induced inhibition of queuine uptake, but this inhibition is pronounced only in early passage HF cells. The present analysis of five different primary cultures demonstrated that, between 10 and 30 population doublings beyond the primary(More)
An enzyme was discovered which incorporates hypoxanthine into mature tRNA macromolecules. This enzyme is postulated to be similar to tRNA-guanine ribosyltransferase which inserts 7-(3,4-trans-4,5-cis-dihydroxy-1-cyclopenten-3-ylaminomethyl )-7-deazaguanine into the first position of the anticodon of four tRNAs. The hypoxanthine-incorporating enzyme has been(More)
Process Regulation Superheat a b s t r a c t Evaporator superheat control is an important aspect of the operation of refrigeration and air conditioning systems; since the majority of cooling in these systems occurs through evaporation of two-phase refrigerant, the energy efficiency is dramatically improved by reducing the amount of superheat present.(More)
Queuosine-deficient tRNAs are often observed in neoplastic cells. In order to determine possible sites for malfunction of the multistep queuosine modification system, comprehensive studies were performed on two human neoplastic cell lines, the HxGC(3) colon adenocarcinoma and the MCF-7 breast adenocarcinoma, which are 100 and 50-60% queuosine deficient,(More)
Queuosine (Q), found exclusively in the first position of the anticodons of tRNA(Asp), tRNA(Asn), tRNA(His) and tRNA(Tyr), is synthesized in eucaryotes by a base-for-base exchange of queuine, the base of Q, for guanine at tRNA position 34. This reaction is catalyzed by the enzyme tRNA-guanine transglycosylase (EC 2.4.2.29). We measured the specific release(More)