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The conventional cell culture method for detection of Chlamydia trachomatis requires two to six days and is technically difficult to perform. The authors evaluated a new, relatively simple, non-culture method (MicroTrak, Syva Co., Palo Alto, CA) that requires less than one hour to complete. Two hundred fifty-one cervical and 209 male urethral specimens from(More)
Monoclonal antibodies (Mabs) were developed against antigens from a pure culture of Mycoplasma incognitus grown in modified SP-4 medium. All the Mabs obtained were shown to react only with M. incognitus, and not with other species of human mycoplasma. The Mabs identified M. incognitus immunohistologically in thymus, liver, spleen, lymph node, or brain from(More)
Mycoplasma fermentans (incognitus strain) has been linked with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-associated nephropathy. Ten (23%) of 43 urine sediment specimens from 40 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients at different stages of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome disease tested positive in the polymerase chain reaction using a primer pair(More)
A new assay using the polymerase chain reaction to amplify a 206-nucleotide specific gene sequence within the insertion sequence-like element of Mycoplasma fermentans has been developed. The unique insertion sequence-like element exists in multiple copies in the M. fermentans genome. The assay selectively amplifies DNA from all strains of M. fermentans(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation (IABC) complication rates remain significant despite technical advances that have simplified and expanded its use. Previous reports implicated patient height, diabetes, or peripheral vascular disease as risk factors. However, these studies were small and not prospective. Therefore a prospective(More)
HIV infection is associated with impairments in prospective memory (ProM), an aspect of episodic memory that refers to the ability to execute a future intention, such as remembering to take a medication at a specific time. The current study sought to examine the relationship between HIV-associated ProM impairment and the successful management of(More)
Optimal adherence to antiretroviral medications is critical to the effective long-term management of HIV infection. Although prospective memory (ProM; i.e., "remembering to remember") has long been theorized to play an important role in medication adherence, no prior studies have evaluated whether HIV-associated ProM impairment possesses unique predictive(More)
HIV infection and aging are each independently associated with prospective memory (ProM) impairment, which increases the risk of poor functional outcomes, including medication non-adherence. The incidence and prevalence of HIV infection among older adults has increased in recent years, thereby raising questions about the combined effects of these risk(More)
Commensurate with the hypothesized neural dissociation between verb and noun generation, research in HIV infection shows that, relative to noun fluency, action (verb) fluency is disproportionately impaired, more strongly related to executive dysfunction, and more sensitive to declines in everyday functioning. However, whether the neurobiological correlates(More)
HIV infection is associated with deficits in category fluency, but the underlying cognitive mechanisms of such impairments have not been determined. Considering the preferential disruption of the structure and function of frontostriatal circuits in HIV disease, the present study evaluated the hypothesis that HIV-associated category fluency deficits are(More)