Matthew S. Collins

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Candida lusitaniae associated with infection in a patient with acute myelogenous leukemia developed resistance to amphotericin B during systemic treatment of the patient. The organism, when isolated initially, was inhibited by 0.31 mug of amphotericin B per ml in yeast nitrogen base agar, but when isolated (20 days later) just antemortem and postmortem,(More)
Mouse models of systemic candidiasis and pulmonary and systemic aspergillosis were established by using DBA/2N mice, which are known to be deficient in the C5 component of complement. In experiments comparing lethality in the respective models in DBA/2N versus outbred CFW mice, results showed that the 50% lethal dose values for the DBA/2N mice were 10- to(More)
Systemic release of endotoxin (LPS) after Gram-negative infection initiates a cascade of host cytokines that are thought to be the direct cause of shock, multisystem organ failure, and death. Endogenous LPS-binding proteins may play a role in regulating LPS toxicity in vivo. The human neutrophil granule protein bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein(More)
Fusarium moniliforme was isolated from a pustular lesion on the hand of an otherwise healthy male. Branching hyphae were seen in pus stained by the periodic acid-Schiff method. Pustular lesions containing branching hyphae were produced in mice after subcutaneous injection of microconidia. The experimental infection in mice and the naturally occurring lesion(More)
We studied the effect of an intravenously administered gamma globulin [Ps-ivIG] enriched fivefold over conventional ivIG for Pseudomonas aeruginosa lipopolysaccharide [PA LPS] antibodies on ten patients with cystic fibrosis [CF] aged 19-32 years during hospitalization for pulmonary deterioration. All were colonized with greater than or equal to 1 PA(More)
Three immunoglobulin preparations for intravenous infusion were compared in vivo to determine their relative protective capacity against several gram-negative and gram-positive pathogens. Polyglobin N is a conventional IgG concentrate. Psomaglobin N is identical in formulation to Polyglobin N but is prepared from the plasma of donors who have naturally high(More)
Acid treatment of Pseudomonas aeruginosa immunotype 1 lipopolysaccharide generated a low-molecular-weight polysaccharide fraction that was detectable in agar gel immunodiffusion but did not induce antibodies or resistance to infection in mice. The polysaccharide was treated with periodate to generate additional aldehyde groups. Oxidized polysaccharide was(More)
In vitro-cultivated spherules of Coccidioides immitis were disrupted in a Braun homogenizer. The resultant wall fragments were separated from cell sap and endospores by centrifugation. Extraction of the walls with phosphate-buffered saline yielded a subcellular fraction that was immunogenic in mice. This fraction, which contained polysaccharide and protein,(More)
Spherules of Coccidioides immitis strain Silveira produced in vitro were treated with chitinase and lysozyme. The walls of merthiolate-killed mature endosporulating spherules were degraded by chitinase (500 mug/ml) and by lysozyme (100 and 500 mug/ml). Thus, as was visible through the light microscope, the spherule wall was reduced in thickness from 1 to 2(More)
A human IgM monoclonal antibody (MA-1C1) to Fisher immunotype 3 Pseudomonas aeruginosa lipopolysaccharide antigen was evaluated for in vivo activity in a guinea pig model of experimental pneumonia. Pharmacokinetics of MA-1C1 were compared in infected and noninfected animals. Intravenous bolus infusion of MA-1C1, 1 mg/kg, resulted in peak serum antibody(More)