Matthew S Bigelow

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We have observed slow light propagation with a group velocity as low as 57.5+/-0.5 m/s at room temperature in a ruby crystal. A quantum coherence effect, coherent population oscillations, produces a very narrow spectral "hole" in the homogeneously broadened absorption profile of ruby. The resulting rapid spectral variation of the refractive index leads to a(More)
We demonstrate a technique for generating tunable all-optical delays in room temperature single-mode optical fibers at telecommunication wavelengths using the stimulated Brillouin scattering process. This technique makes use of the rapid variation of the refractive index that occurs in the vicinity of the Brillouin gain feature. The wavelength at which the(More)
We have observed both superluminal and ultraslow light propagation in an alexandrite crystal at room temperature. Group velocities as slow as 91 meters per second to as fast as -800 meters per second were measured and attributed to the influence of coherent population oscillations involving chromium ions in either mirror or inversion sites within the(More)
– We observe both extremely slow and superluminal pulse propagation speeds at room temperature in an erbium-doped fiber (EDF). A signal at 1550 nm is sent through an erbium-doped fiber with varying powers of a 980 nm pump. The degree of signal delay or advancement is found to depend significantly on the pump intensity. We observe a maximum fractional(More)
We have observed filamentation due to azimuthal modulational instabilities in spinning ring solitons with orbital angular momentum m variant Planck's over 2pi in sodium vapor. We show experimentally that vortex beams with m values of 1, 2, and 3 tend to break into two, four, and six filaments, respectively. Treating the sodium vapor as a Doppler broadened(More)
Abstract We investigate the propagation of optical pulses through two different solidstate optical materials, ruby and alexandrite, for which the group velocity can be very small (vg c) or superluminal (vg c or negative). We find that for smooth pulses the fractional delay or advancement is maximized through the use of pulses with durations comparable to(More)
We investigate a class of vector ring spatial solitons that carry no net angular momentum. Specifically, we show analytically and numerically that the dominant low-frequency perturbations that typically disrupt ring solitons are suppressed for these solitons. By comparing our analytical and numerical results, we show that our simple analysis gives good(More)
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