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Vindesine, a new Phase 1 Vinca alkaloid congener, exhibited serum pharmacokinetic behavior in humans compatible with a three-compartment, open mammilary model. The kinetic parameters included: t1/2 alpha=3.24+/-1.14 min, t1/2beta=99.0+/-44.5 min, t1/2gamma=1213+/-493 min, Vc (Valpha)=4.81+/-2.12 liters, Vbeta=58.2+/-50.5 liters, Vgamma=598+/-294 liters.(More)
Patients who had never received insulin were administered porcine or bovine Lente insulins prepared from either conventional USP-grade insulin, "single-peak" insulin (SPI), or "single-component" insulin (SCI) in an attempt to determine if insulin immunogenecity was related to the purity of various insulin preparations. Serum insulin antibody titers were(More)
Hepatic cAMP concentration of normal mice increased 40 fold within 10 min after a single dose of glucagon (2 mg/kg, IP). In contrast, hepatic cAMP increased only 2 fold in ob/ob mice. Glucagon induced hepatic L-phenylalanine:pyruvate aminotransferase and stimulated glycogenolysis in normal mice but failed to elicit these cAMP-mediated responses in ob/ob(More)
A radioimmunoassay for human proinsulin (hPl) has been developed using biosynthetic hPl prepared by recombinant DNA technology as immunogen, standard, and tracer. The antiserum was raised in a guinea pig and then adsorbed against insulin and C-peptide conjugated to Sepharose to improve its specificity. After adsorption of the antiserum, the(More)
Two new radioimmunoassays for human proinsulin (hPI) have been developed and used to study patients with islet cell tumors and familial hyperproinsulinemia. Both antisera were adsorbed against human C-peptide conjugated to Sepharose, following which cross-reactivity to insulin and C-peptide was less than 0.001%. Antiserum 18D recognized the junction between(More)
Highly purified bovine and porcine insulins (single component insulin) did not produce antibodies in rabbits, and the highly purified porcine insulin was less immunogenic in diabetic patients than USP porcine insulin. In rabbits one porcine high molecular weight fraction (peak A) and two bovine high molecular weight fractions (peak A and peak B) separated(More)