Matthew Roos

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This report introduces a system for the objective physiological classification of single-unit activity in the anteroventral cochlear nucleus (AVCN) of anesthetized CBA/129 and CBA/CaJ mice. As in previous studies, the decision criteria are based on the temporal properties of responses to short tone bursts that are visualized in the form of peri-stimulus(More)
The Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) protocol, which is developed to enhance postoperative recovery of patients treated with open colorectal surgery, has been widely adopted. The ERAS protocol has also been introduced in patients treated with laparoscopic colectomy, without data to support its additional value. We investigated whether laparoscopic(More)
In regard to the numerous criteria generally used for determining the prognosis of renal cell carcinoma, the authors have undertaken a statistical study of the different pathological parameters. These were tumour size, histological pattern, presence or lack of necrotico-haemorrhagic foci and cell type. The statistical work included an investigation of the(More)
Multidisciplinary therapy (MDT) of node-positive rectal cancer is considered optimal. We performed a retrospective cohort study of node positive rectal cancer patients diagnosed between January 1, 1994 and December 31, 2003 in Region 5 of the California Cancer Registry to determine the impact of MDT on disease specific survival (DSS). During the study(More)
Previous investigations have shown that a subset of inferior colliculus neurons, which have been designated type O units, respond selectively to isolated features of the cat's head-related transfer functions (HRTFs: the directional transformation of a free-field sound as it propagates from the head to the eardrum). Based on those results, it was(More)
HYPOTHESIS Impairments of the medial olivocochlear system (MOCS) increase the risk of environmentally induced auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder (ANSD). BACKGROUND ANSD is a problem in the neural transmission of auditory information that accounts for 10% to 15% of the cases of pediatric hearing loss. The underlying mechanisms of the disorder remain(More)
Semantic textual similarity (STS) systems are designed to encode and evaluate the semantic similarity between words, phrases, sentences, and documents. One method for assessing the quality or authenticity of semantic information encoded in these systems is by comparison with human judgments. A data set for evaluating semantic models was developed consisting(More)
Non-invasive neuroimaging studies have shown that semantic category and attribute information are encoded in neural population activity. Electrocorticography (ECoG) offers several advantages over non-invasive approaches, but the degree to which semantic attribute information is encoded in ECoG responses is not known. We recorded ECoG while patients named(More)
Dimensionality poses a serious challenge when making predictions from human neuroimaging data. Across imaging modalities, large pools of potential neural features (e.g., responses from particular voxels, electrodes, and temporal windows) have to be related to typically limited sets of stimuli and samples. In recent years, zero-shot prediction models have(More)
HMAX is a well-known computational model of visual recognition in cortex consisting of just two computational operations – a “template match” and non-linear pooling – alternating in a feedforward hierarchy in which receptive fields exhibit increasing specificity and invariance [1]. Interestingly, auditory recognition problems (such as speech recognition)(More)