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PURPOSE The aim of this statement is to summarize data on stroke risk factors that are unique to and more common in women than men and to expand on the data provided in prior stroke guidelines and cardiovascular prevention guidelines for women. This guideline focuses on the risk factors unique to women, such as reproductive factors, and those that are more(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Serum urate concentration is associated with cardiovascular disease, and hyperuricemia predicts first-ever stroke. We explored the association of admission urate level with mortality, placement, and risk of further vascular events after acute stroke. METHODS In patients with ischemic stroke or primary intracranial hemorrhage, we(More)
PURPOSE There is a paucity of data describing female lower limb biomechanics during "high risk" movements linked to noncontact ACL injury. This study compared, across gender, knee kinematics associated with sidestepping maneuvers to provide insight into why women display a significantly higher incidence of this injury than do men. METHODS Thirty(More)
BACKGROUND We combined a large clinical stroke registry with the UK Met Office database to assess the association between meteorological variables and specific clinical subtypes of acute stroke. METHODS We used negative binomial regression and Poisson regression techniques to explore the effect of meteorological values to hospital with acute stroke.(More)
Beak and feather disease virus (BFDV) causes the highly contagious, in some cases fatal, psittacine beak and feather disease in parrots. The European continent has no native parrots, yet in the past has been one of the world's biggest importers of wild-caught exotic parrot species. Following the banning of this practice in 2007, the demand for exotic pet(More)
Banana bunchy top virus (BBTV; family Nanoviridae, genus Babuvirus) is a multi-component, ssDNA virus, which causes widespread banana crop losses throughout tropical Africa and Australasia. We determined the full genome sequences of 12 BBTV isolates from the Kingdom of Tonga and analysed these together with previously determined BBTV sequences to show that(More)
Banana bunchy top virus (BBTV; family Nanoviridae, genus Babuvirus) is a multi-component single-stranded DNA virus, which infects banana plants in many regions of the world, often resulting in large-scale crop losses. We analyzed 171 banana leaf samples from fourteen countries and recovered, cloned, and sequenced 855 complete BBTV components including(More)
BACKGROUND Hyperglycaemia on presentation with acute ischaemic stroke (AIS) is associated with poor outcome, but intervention is unproven. We investigated the safety and tolerability of one method of glycaemic control. METHODS Patients within 24 h of AIS and plasma glucose 8-20 mmol/l were randomised to receive either rigorous glycaemic control (RC) or(More)
BACKGROUND Recent data have shown an unexpected association between poor outcome after acute stroke and lower serum cholesterol. Triglyceride concentration has been linked to coronary heart disease and stroke; however, there are currently no data on the relationship between triglyceride and stroke outcome. Such information may yield further mechanistic(More)
Cassava mosaic disease (CMD) in Madagascar is caused by a complex of at least six African cassava mosaic geminivirus (CMG) species. This provides a rare opportunity for a comparative study of the evolutionary and epidemiological dynamics of distinct pathogenic crop-infecting viral species that coexist within the same environment. The genetic and spatial(More)