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As potential activators of brown adipose tissue (BAT), mild cold exposure and sympathomimetic drugs have been considered as treatments for obesity and diabetes, but whether they activate the same pathways is unknown. In 10 healthy human volunteers, we found that the sympathomimetic ephedrine raised blood pressure, heart rate, and energy expenditure, and(More)
The dopamine depletion that is characteristic of Parkinson's disease has been hypothesized to result from the combination of environmentally induced subclinical damage to the substantia nigra and the age-related loss of additional nigral neurons. Essential to this hypothesis is the existence of deteriorating function in the nigrostriatal pathway with(More)
A phase I trial was designed to evaluate normal tissue tolerance to neutron capture therapy (NCT); tumor response was also followed as a secondary endpoint. Between July 1996 and May 1999, 24 subjects were entered into a phase 1 trial evaluating cranial NCT in subjects with primary or metastatic brain tumors. Two subjects were excluded due to a decline in(More)
The reconstruction of functions from their samples at nonuniformly distributed locations is an important task for many applications. This paper presents a sampling theory which extends the uniform sampling theory of Whittaker et ul. [ll] to include nonuniform sample distributions. This extension is similar to the analysis of Papoulis [15], who considered(More)
UNLABELLED PET/CT imaging with (18)F-FDG has been used to detect inflammation in carotid and aortic plaque; its use in detecting coronary plaque has been limited by avid (18)F-FDG uptake by the myocardium. We investigated whether (18)F-FDG PET/CT could be used to image inflammation in coronary arteries as a potential noninvasive method to detect vulnerable(More)
UNLABELLED The aim of this study was to assess the volume and function of human brown adipose tissue (BAT) in vivo using MR imaging. METHODS BAT volumes under thermoneutral conditions in the cervical areas were assessed via water-fat contrast using the Dixon method and via water-saturation efficiency using fast spin-echo and T2-weighted images. The(More)
The occurrence of radiation necrosis to the extravasation of therapeutic radionuclide-yttrium-90-ibritumomab tiuxetan-is described, as well as the subsequent steps taken to both address the occurrence and to prevent the re-occurrence of such an adverse event. Published reports on the extravasation of diagnostic and therapeutic radionuclides are reviewed, as(More)
OBJECTIVE Many of the functions necessary for imaging and analyzing nuclear medicine studies are not available on radiology PACS. Over the past 20 years, we have developed a user-friendly, easily installed software package for nuclear medicine study analysis, display, Web access, and database storage and an integrated display for fused PET/CT. We are making(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the dose from the computed tomographic (CT) portion of positron emission tomography (PET)/CT to determine minimum CT acquisition parameters that provide adequate attenuation correction. MATERIALS AND METHODS Measurements were made with a PET/CT scanner or a PET scanner, five anthropomorphic phantoms (newborn to medium adult), and an(More)