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Increased activity of the beta-isoform of protein kinase C (PKC) has been linked to the vascular and neural complications of diabetes mellitus. Treatment with the PKCbeta inhibitor, (s)-13-[(dimethylamino)methyl]-10,11,14,15-tetrahydro-4,9:16,21-dimetheno-1H,13H-dibenzo[e,k]pyrrolo[3,4-h][1,4,13]oxadiazacyclohexadecene-1,3(2H)-dione, (LY333531), improves(More)
The pelvic ganglia provide autonomic innervation to pelvic viscera and urogenital organs. These neurons are susceptible to axonal injury during pelvic surgical procedures, yet their regenerative mechanisms are poorly understood. The AP-1 transcription factor component, c-Jun, has been strongly linked to regenerative events in injured sensory, sympathetic(More)
Advanced glycation and lipoxidation end products (AGEs/ALEs) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of the major microvascular complications of diabetes mellitus: nephropathy, neuropathy, and retinopathy. This article reviews the evidence regarding the peripheral nerve and its vascular supply. Most investigations done to assess the role of AGEs/ALEs in(More)
Vascular defects contribute substantially to neuropathic changes associated with metabolic abnormalities in diabetes. Statins appear to exert beneficial effects on vascular function independent of cholesterol lowering. In studies of the streptozotocin-induced diabetes rat model, rosuvastatin treatment was shown to correct sciatic motor and saphenous sensory(More)
Elevated plasma lipids contribute to neurovascular dysfunction in diabetes. Statins have lipid-lowering properties and can modulate endothelial nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability. The aim was to assess the impact of these factors on autonomic nitrergic nerve and endothelial function. Thus, the effects of diabetes and treatment with the HMG-CoA reductase(More)
Hyperglycaemia in diabetes mellitus results in oxidative stress and pro-inflammatory changes which contribute to vascular complications including endothelial dysfunction and peripheral neuropathy. The aim of this study was to examine whether treatment with the dominant ingredient of clove oil, eugenol, which has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties,(More)
Penile (cavernous) nerves are readily damaged during radical prostatectomy, invariably causing impotence. Erectile function can return, however this may take months or years and capacity often remains poor. Many studies have attempted to improve penile nerve regeneration but have not explored mechanisms underlying the delay in functional recovery. This is(More)
Calpains, a superfamily of Ca(2+)-activated proteases, are associated with an array of physiological and pathological events, including susceptibility to diabetes. Recently, increased calpain activity has been linked to reduced endothelium-derived nitric oxide-mediated vasodilatation in diabetes. However, a similar mechanism for neuronal-derived nitric(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Semaphorin 3A (Sema3A) is an important secreted repulsive guidance factor for many developing neurones. Sema3A continues to be expressed in adulthood, and expression of its receptor, neuropilin-1 (Nrp-1), can be altered by nerve injury. Autonomic neurones innervating the pelvic viscera are particularly susceptible to damage during(More)
AIM Interleukin-6 (IL-6), a member of the neuropoietic cytokine family, participates in neural development and has neurotrophic activity. Recent research has also indicated actions to improve vasa nervorum function in diabetes. Both these facets are potentially relevant for treatment of diabetic neuropathy. The aim of this study was to determine whether(More)