Matthew R. Francis

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Visual numerosity judgements were made for tachistoscopically presented linear arrays of dots or lines. The interelement interval (which could be specified in spatial frequency terms) was constant for a given array but varied across conditions. A clear limit in the accuracy of numerosity judgements was found to be set at 4 for regularly spaced elements with(More)
Employees at an ammonium perchlorate production facility in Nevada and a larger control population from the same chemical complex without direct AP exposure were monitored extensively for airborne perchlorate exposure. Single-shift and working-lifetime cumulative dose estimates were made using standard breathing-rate estimates and assuming rapid absorption,(More)
The standardized mortality ratios for some cancers of the lymphohaematopoietic system were high in an early cohort analysis. Since the presence of large numbers of unexposed workers could conceal risks within a cohort, a case-control study was designed to examine the relationship between estimated exposures and the occurrence of these cancers. The results(More)
The Food Quality Protection Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-170, August 3, 1996), which amended the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) and the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA), requires that the EPA evaluate pesticide safety in light of potential aggregate exposures from both nondietary and dietary routes. As with any new(More)
Branchiootorenal (BOR) syndrome is a variable, autosomal-dominant disorder of the first and second embryonic branchial arches, kidneys, and urinary tract. We describe the phenotype in 45 individuals, highlighting differences and similarities reported in other studies. Characteristic temporal bone findings include cochlear hypoplasia (4/5 of normal size with(More)
The described nested case-control study of lymphohematopoietic cancers occurring in a cohort of synthetic rubber production workers was conducted to determine the associations of these cancers with exposure to butadiene and styrene. Cases have been confirmed through hospital record review of 95 percent of the cancers. Exposures are based on measured values(More)
Relatively few investigators have estimated quantitative exposure levels in epidemiologic studies, and, for those that have, few have discussed the strengths and weakness of their estimation method with respect to other methods. This paper reviews the steps for developing quantitative exposure estimates that have been used in published studies. First, the(More)
Primary malignant bone sarcomas (MBS) are rare and there are few studies examining their incidence and outcome. Here, the incidence and survival of all subtypes of MBS registered in England between 1979 and 2007 were analysed from patient registry data held by the National Cancer Intelligence Network (NCIN). Over 11,002 new cases of MBS were registered, an(More)
Visual numerosity judgements were made for tachistoscopically presented arrays of dots. The arrangement within the arrays was either linear or such that dots could be easily perceptually subdivided into two groups. Subdivision was either in terms of an orientation difference, a colour difference, or a spacing difference in the centre of the array. For a(More)
A study of pulp and paper mill workers indicated low risks of death from all causes (standardized mortality ratio (SMR) = 0.74) and all cancers (SMR = 0.81) compared with U.S. rates. The leukemia death rate in workers was not higher than the U.S. rate but was higher than the rate in county populations surrounding mills. Workers whose last jobs were in the(More)