Matthew R. Dawson

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A model that is capable of maintaining the identities of individuated elements as they move is described. It solves a particular problem of underdetermination, the motion correspondence problem, by simultaneously applying 3 constraints: the nearest neighbor principle, the relative velocity principle, and the element integrity principle. The model generates(More)
Two experiments were conducted to examine the effect of changes in the sign of element contrast on perceptions of the Ternus apparent motion display. In the first experiment, the contrast polarity of all three elements in the display were alternated from the first frame of view to the second. At short durations, this increased perceptions (relative to a(More)
The Ternus configuration is an apparent motion display which is typically described as being bistable; subjects usually describe seeing either element motion or group motion, depending upon temporal properties of the display. The results of an experiment are reported in which subjects are also permitted to report seeing four stationary display elements(More)
Two experiments attempted to determine the effect of the topological property of connectedness on the perception of apparent motion. In Experiment I, direction detection points at subjective equality (PSEs) were measured in a motion competition paradigm. Results indicated that apparent motion was not more likely to be seen between topologically identical(More)
Two experiments tested whether the consistency of element transformations affected perceptions of long-range apparent motion. Vertical lines were used to generate apparent motion against one of two different backgrounds, control and depth. Consistency was manipulated by changing the size of the vertical lines. In some displays, the size of the vertical(More)
Three experiments were performed to test Ullman's [The Interpretation of Visual Motion. MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass. (1979)] independence hypothesis, used in the minimal mapping theory of motion correspondence. Subjects were required to detect the direction of motion (left vs right) of an element in a motion competition display. In control conditions,(More)
Computational models of attentional processing typically view the "attentional spotlight" as a winner-take-all network whose focus can be shifted serially about a display if required. As a result, lateral inhibition is assumed in these models to be an important mechanism involved in visual search. On the basis of this assumption, we predicted that changes(More)
The minimum ISI required for perceiving apparent motion in depth was measured as a function of the 2D separation of stimuli and the physical separation of stimuli in depth. It was found that temporal thresholds increased as a function of the separation of stimuli in depth. This supports the results of previous research indicating that the perceived(More)
Praziquantel (PZQ) is a drug commonly utilized to treat both human schistosomiasis and some parasitic infections and infestations in animals. In the aquarium industry, PZQ can be administered in a "bath" to treat the presence of ectoparasites on both the gills and skin of fish and elasmobranchs. In order to fully treat an infestation, the bath treatment has(More)