Matthew R. Bielefeld

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BACKGROUND Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is common among patients awaiting heart transplantation. Medical management of SCD may fail due to lack of efficacy or adverse side effects. The implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) may extend patient survival until a donor heart is available. METHODS AND RESULTS We reviewed 16 patients listed for(More)
Laser myocardial revascularization has been shown to reduce mortality and infarct size after left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) ligation in dogs. It has not been shown to improve myocardial contractility in acute ischemia. In this study a holmium-yttrium-aluminum garnet laser (wavelength, 2.14 microns) was used to create nontransmural myocardial(More)
BACKGROUND A thoracoscopic technique was developed for the placement of commercially available implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) patch leads in sheep. METHODS AND RESULTS Small ICD patch leads (13.5 cm2, A-67) were placed thoracoscopically in sheep (n = 5) that had survived coronary artery ligation from a previous experiment. The technique used(More)
Although the automatic implantable cardioverter defibrillator (AICD) is effective against malignant ventricular arrhythmias, the effects of AICD patches on left ventricular diastolic properties have not been defined. Accordingly, extrapericardial (group E, n = 5) or intrapericardial (group I, n = 6) AICD patches were implanted through a median sternotomy in(More)
The impedance catheter allows continuous measurement of ventricular volume. External influences have been described as causing parallel shifts in impedance-measured volumes; however, factors affecting impedance measurements in a nonparallel manner have not been fully characterized. Accordingly, an impedance catheter was placed inside a latex balloon into(More)
Although the elective induction of cardiac arrest for implantable defibrillator insertion under general anesthesia is widely used, the hemodynamics of recovery of arterial blood pressure after cardiac arrest is not well-defined. Accordingly, the time course of recovery of systolic arterial pressure was studied in seven patients during the repetitive(More)
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