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Several variations of microelectrode arrays are used to record and stimulate intracortical neuronal activity. Bypassing the immune response to maintain a stable recording interface remains a challenge. Companies and researchers are continuously altering the material compositions and geometries of the arrays in order to discover a combination that allows for(More)
Epilepsy affects more than 1% of the world's population. Responsive neurostimulation is emerging as an alternative therapy for the 30% of the epileptic patient population that does not benefit from pharmacological treatment. Efficient seizure detection algorithms will enable closed-loop epilepsy prostheses by stimulating the epileptogenic focus within an(More)
Approximately 30% of individuals with epilepsy have refractory seizures that cannot be controlled by current pharmacological treatment measures. For such patients, responsive neurostimulation prior to a seizure may lead to greater efficacy when compared with current treatments. In this paper, we present a real-time adaptive Wiener prediction algorithm(More)
Preliminary results from animal and clinical studies demonstrate that electrical stimulation of brain structures can reduce seizure frequency in patients with refractory epilepsy. Since most researchers derive stimulation parameters by trial and error, it is unclear what stimulation frequency, amplitude and duration constitutes a set of optimal stimulation(More)
Current antidepressant therapies do not effectively control or cure depressive symptoms. Pharmaceutical therapies altogether fail to address an estimated 4 million Americans who suffer from a recurrent and severe treatment-resistant form of depression known as refractory major depressive disorder. Subjective diagnostic schemes, differing manifestations of(More)
The use of focused ultrasonic waves to modulate neural structures has gained recent interest due to its potential in treating neurological disorders non-invasively. While several papers have focused on the use of ultrasound neuromodulation on peripheral nerves, none of these studies have been performed on the vagus nerve. We present preliminary observations(More)
OPINION STATEMENT Gastroparesis is a heterogeneous clinical syndrome. Some patients have debilitating vomiting, weight loss, and dehydration, while others have effortless regurgitation of undigested foods or postprandial distress suggestive of functional dyspepsia. Gastric electrical stimulation (GES) has been proposed as an effective treatment option for(More)
A low-power implantable event-based seizure detection algorithm" (2009). Abstract—Permanent magnet and wound rotor synchronous machines (PMSMs and WRSMs) are often used in diesel engine-based portable power generation systems. In these applications, there is a growing desire to improve machine efficiency in order to reduce fossil fuel requirements. In(More)
Neural recording and stimulation have great clinical potential. Long-term neural recording remains a challenge, however, as implantable electrodes eventually fail due to the adverse effects of the host tissue response to the indwelling implant. Astrocytes and microglia attempt to engulf the electrode, increasing the electrical impedance between the(More)
Chronic recording electrodes are a vital tool for brain research and neural prostheses. Despite decades of advances in recording technology, probe structures and implantation methods have changed little over time. Then as now, compressive insertion methods require probes to be constructed from hard, stiff materials, such as silicon, and contain a large(More)