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The purpose of this study was to determine whether there was an age-related decline in the isometric and isotonic contractile function of permeabilized slow (MHC I) and fast (MHC IIa) single muscle fibres. Vastus lateralis muscle fibres from six young men (YM; 25 +/- 1 years), six young women (YW; 25 +/- 1 years), six old men (OM; 80 +/- 4 years) and six(More)
Muscle biopsies were obtained from the vastus lateralis before and after 84 days of bed-rest from six control (BR) and six resistance-exercised (BRE) men to examine slow- and fast-twitch muscle fibre contractile function. BR did not exercise during bed-rest and had a 17 and 40% decrease in whole muscle size and function, respectively. The BRE group(More)
Twelve men either performed 10 weeks of timed circuit weight training 3 days week(-1) (CWT; n=8; X+/-SE; age=23.6+/-1.8 years), or were part of a sedentary control group (n=4; age=20.5+/-1.0 years). Significance was P<0.05 for all analyses. The CWT program significantly increased 1 repetition maximum (1 RM) strength for nine of 10 exercises (15-42%).(More)
The purpose of this investigation was to examine the activation (phosphorylation) and total protein content of MAPK signalling cascade proteins (ERK 1/2, p90RSK, Mnk 1, eIF4E, p38 MAPK, JNK/SAPK, MKP 1) at rest and following exercise, in sedentary young and old men. Eight young (22 +/- 1 years; YM) and eight old (79 +/- 3 years; OM) men underwent a resting(More)
To comprehensively assess the influence of aerobic training on muscle size and function, we examined seven older women (71 +/- 2 yr) before and after 12 wk of cycle ergometer training. The training program increased (P < 0.05) aerobic capacity by 30 +/- 6%. Quadriceps muscle volume, determined by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), was 12 +/- 2% greater (P <(More)
The purpose of this study was to characterize the myosin heavy chain (MHC) composition of single muscle fibers from the gastrocnemius of male collegiate distance (DIST; n = 7), middle-distance (MID; n = 6), and recreational runners (REC; n = 6). Additionally, mATPase histochemistry was used to serve as a comparison to previous studies and the single fiber(More)
AIM This investigation determined the effects of 84 days of bedrest on the composition of myosin heavy chain (MHC) in single skeletal muscle fibres with and without a resistance-training countermeasure programme. METHODS Muscle biopsies were obtained from the m. vastus lateralis (VL) and m. soleus (SOL) before and after 84 days of bedrest. While control(More)
Recent evidence suggests aerobic exercise may help preserve soleus muscle mass during unloading. The purpose of this investigation was to examine the muscle-specific metabolic response to running as it relates to muscle growth. Mixed-muscle protein synthesis [fractional synthetic rate (FSR)] and gene expression (GE) were examined in the vastus lateralis(More)
Chronic living at altitudes of ∼2,500 m causes consistent hematological acclimatization in most, but not all, groups of athletes; however, responses of erythropoietin (EPO) and red cell mass to a given altitude show substantial individual variability. We hypothesized that athletes living at higher altitudes would experience greater improvements in sea level(More)
The purpose of this investigation was to characterize the effects of marathon training on single muscle fiber contractile function in a group of recreational runners. Muscle biopsies were obtained from the gastrocnemius muscle of seven individuals (22 +/- 1 yr, 177 +/- 3 cm, and 68 +/- 2 kg) before, after 13 wk of run training, and after 3 wk of taper.(More)