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In an open trial design, adults (n=20) with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and either schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder were treated via an 11-week cognitive-behavioral intervention for PTSD that consisted of education, anxiety management therapy, social skills training, and exposure therapy, provided at community mental health centers.(More)
BACKGROUND Disturbances in both attention and language are central to the phenomenology of the schizophrenia spectrum disorders. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relative contributions of two factors, family status and schizotypy, on electrophysiologic measures of attention and semantic processing in family members of individuals with(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors evaluated the neuropsychological correlates of temporal lobe abnormalities in schizophrenic patients. METHOD Fifteen schizophrenic patients underwent assessment of memory, by the Wechsler Memory Scale--Revised, and abstraction/categorization, by the similarities subtest of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale--Revised and the(More)
OBJECTIVE Schizophrenia has long been thought to be characterized by a fundamental disturbance in semantic associations, which has often been presumed to be of neurobiological origin. The authors examined the neurophysiological characteristics of semantic processing in schizophrenic patients. METHOD During EEG recording, 15 schizophrenic patients and 15(More)
Theoretical and clinical characterizations of attention in PTSD acknowledge the possibility for both hypervigilance and avoidance of trauma-relevant stimuli. This study used eye tracking technology to investigate visual orientation and attention to traumatic and neutral stimuli in nineteen veterans of the Iraq war. Veterans saw slides in which half the(More)
Hypervigilance toward ambiguous or threatening stimuli is a prominent feature in many trauma survivors including active and returning soldiers. This study set out to investigate the factors that contribute to hypervigilance in a mixed sample. One hundred forty-five individuals, 50 of whom were war zone veterans, filled out a series of questionnaires(More)
OBJECTIVE University and college health and counseling centers frequently warn female students about the red zone-a period early in a student's first year at college during which she may be at higher risk for unwanted sexual experiences (UWS). The authors designed this study to assess temporal risk for UWS in 1st- and 2nd-year college women. PARTICIPANTS(More)
Knowledge about the biological basis of psychological trauma is changing at an exponential rate. A PsychlNFO search on the search terms "locus coeruleus" and "PTSD" revealed one peer-reviewed journal article between 1982 and 1992 and 51 in the subsequent decade. A similar search revealed zero articles on "hippocampus" and "PTSD" between 1982 and 1992 and(More)
A recent study found that female rape victims with acute posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) who received a high score on the Peritraumatic Dissociative Experiences Questionnaire exhibited suppression of physiological responses during exposure to trauma-related stimuli. The goal of our present study was to test whether the same relationship holds true for(More)
BACKGROUND The latency of the P300 event-related potential is prolonged in disorders associated with neural damage and degeneration and also becomes prolonged in the course of neural changes that accompany aging. We tested whether the rate of P300 latency increase with age was greater in male schizophrenic patients than in normal subjects because a steeper(More)