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We evaluated language functions in 154 patients with left hemisphere speech dominance undergoing anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL). Measures of phonemic and semantic fluency, confrontation naming, repetition, comprehension, and reading were administered before and 3 weeks postoperatively. Patients were grouped by focus (left, LT; right, RT) and presence of(More)
Laterality and age of onset effects on semantic and figural memory were evaluated in 30 right-handed, left speech dominant (amobarbital test) patients with epilepsy before and after temporal lobectomy. There were no effects of focus on WAIS-R IQ scores. Early onset (less than or equal to 5 years) was associated with lower IQ and memory (WMS). Left Temporal(More)
Cyclophilin A (CyPA), a ubiquitously distributed intracellular protein, is a peptidylprolyl cis-trans-isomerase and the major target of the potent immunosuppressive drug cyclosporin A. Although expressed predominantly as an intracellular molecule, CyPA is secreted by cells in response to inflammatory stimuli and is a potent neutrophil and eosinophil(More)
UNLABELLED FDG PET is often used to help localize the seizure focus before surgery in patients with medically refractory temporal lobe epilepsy. However, the ability of certain patterns of metabolic landscape to predict postsurgical seizure outcome has not been well characterized. The purpose of this retrospective study was to determine whether FDG PET(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the long-term effectiveness of anterior temporal lobectomy for refractory epilepsy with regard to seizure control and related medical and psychosocial measures and to determine how patterns of early seizure recurrence relate to long-term prognosis. DESIGN A cohort of patients prospectively followed up for 5 years after surgery. (More)
We reviewed the historical features, preoperative diagnostic evaluation, operative procedure, and surgical outcome in 16 patients with refractory frontal lobe epilepsy. Clinical expression of the epilepsy varied widely, particularly with respect to seizure characteristics, although high monthly seizure frequency and absence of a risk factor for epilepsy(More)
We studied the neuroanatomic correlates of ictal tachycardia in 27 seizures from five patients with unilateral temporal lobe epilepsy being evaluated with bilateral temporal lobe depth electrodes and orbitofrontal subdural electrodes. There were 11 complex partial seizures, three simple partial seizures, and 13 subclinical seizures. For all seizures, heart(More)
OBJECTIVES Psychopathology has been reported to be prevalent both before and after surgical treatment for medically intractable temporal lobe epilepsy. Individual patients were evaluated prospectively to assess the effect of anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) on prevalence and severity of psychiatric disease. METHODS Psychiatric status was assessed in a(More)
A retrospective study of 65 patients with biliary sepsis and mechanical biliary obstruction, 19 of them with suppurative cholangitis (SC) and 46 with nonsuppurative cholangitis (NSC), was undertaken to identify distinguishing characteristics of the two forms of the disease. There were no statistically significant differences between SC and NSC based on(More)
We compared historical features, surface EEG findings, results of intracarotid sodium amobarbital memory testing (IAT), and outcome after anterotemporal lobectomy (ATL) in patients with mesiotemporal lobe seizure onset with those with more diffuse temporal lobe seizure onset (intracranial EEG). Forty-eight patients evaluated consecutively between July 1985(More)