Learn More
We determined the influence of differences in the time of initiation of sympathetic and vagal stimulation (both at 10 Hz) on the cardiac autonomic interactions in 16 open-chest anesthetized dogs. We always ended the concurrent sympathetic and vagal stimulations simultaneously. Sympathetic stimulation alone for 1 minute increased heart rate by 90±7(More)
Chronic post-thoracotomy pain (CPP) is a vexing clinical problem whose management has received scant attention. In order to identify the risk factors associated with CPP and determine the optimal treatment, the records of 238 consecutive patients who underwent thoracotomy were reviewed. CPP was defined as discomfort requiring the regular administration of(More)
Helicobacter pylori is a gram-negative bacterium which causes chronic gastritis and is associated with peptic ulcer disease, gastric carcinoma, and gastric lymphoma. The bacterium is characterized by potent urease activity, thought to be located on the outer membrane, which is essential for survival at low pH. The purpose of the present study was to(More)
The cardiac response to neural activity in one autonomic division depends on the level of activity in the other autonomic division. The extent of this peripheral interaction varies considerably with the cardiac effector tissue under consideration. In sinoatrial nodal tissue the effect of efferent sympathetic activity is progressively attenuated as the level(More)
In anesthetized dogs with the chest open, supramaximal stimulation of the left cardiac sympathetic nerves at 2 and 4 Hz produced an increase of 40-50% in ventricular contractile force (CF) and of 40-65% in coronary sinus blood flow. At these frequencies of stimulation, norepinephrine (NE) overflow into the coronary sinus was 29.8 +/- 5.1 (SE) and 54.9 +/-(More)
• Several recent studies have shown that stimulation of the carotid sinus baroreceptors exerts a reflex, negative inotropic effect upon ventricular performance." Since it was generally accepted that the vagus nerves do not directly influence the ventricular myocardium," it was assumed that the efferent fibers of the carotido-ventricular reflex traversed(More)
The change in sinus period elicited by vagal stimulation depends on the rate of acetylcholine (ACh) release from the nerve endings, the rate of ACh degradation in the nodal tissue, and the responsiveness of the sinus node to ACh. Vagal stimulation in anesthetized dogs prolonged sinus period. After cessation of vagal stimulation, the sinus period returned to(More)
We applied trains of stimuli to the vagosympathetic trunks of anesthetized dogs and studied the time courses of the resultant chronotropic and inotropic responses. These responses were maximum soon after the onset of the test stimulus train but then declined over the next 1-5 min despite continued stimulation. The fade ratio was defined as the magnitude of(More)