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In this paper, we analyze a performance model for the TCP Congestion Avoidance algorithm. The model predicts the bandwidth of a sustained TCP connection subjected to light to moderate packet losses, such as loss caused by network congestion. It assumes that TCP avoids retransmission timeouts and always has sufficient receiver window and sender data. The(More)
We have developed a Forward Acknowledgment (FACK) congestion control algorithm which addresses many of the performance problems recently observed in the Internet. The FACK algorithm is based on first principles of congestion control and is designed to be used with the proposed TCP SACK option. By decoupling congestion control from other algorithms such as(More)
TCP has become the dominant protocol for all network data transport because it presents a simple uniform data delivery service which is sufficient for most applications over all types of lower network layers. By its very nature, TCP's adaption and retransmission strategies hide all of the details of the lower layers from the application. For example the(More)
Relentless congestion control is a simple modification to AIMD congestion control: instead of halving cwnd after a loss, cwnd is reduced by the number of lost segments. It can be modeled as a strict implementation of Van Jacob-son's Packet Conservation Principle. Relentless congestion control has exactly unity gain, which is expected to make it much easier(More)
Many high performance distributed applications require high network throughput but are able to achieve only a small fraction of the available bandwidth. A common cause of this problem is improperly tuned network settings. Tuning techniques, such as setting the correct TCP buffers and using parallel streams, are well known in the networking community, but(More)
We studied the pattern of aberrant methylation during the multistage pathogenesis of cervical cancers. We analyzed a total of 73 patient samples and 10 cervical cancer cell lines. In addition, tissue samples [peripheral blood lymphocytes (n = 10) and buccal epithelial cells (n = 12)] were obtained from 22 healthy volunteers. On the basis of the results of(More)
BACKGROUND As a result of population growth in African-Caribbean regions of overseas France, and now immigration essentially from North and sub-Saharan Africa to mainland France, neonatal screening for sickle cell disease (SCD) has been performed in France since 1985 in Guadalupe and dependencies, as a universal test. After several pilot studies, screening(More)
The current Internet fairness paradigm mandates that all protocols have equivalent response to packet loss and other congestion signals, allowing relatively simple network devices to attain a weak form of fairness by sending uniform signals to all ows. Our paper[1], which recently received the ACM SIGCOMM Test of Time Award, modeled the reference(More)