Matthew M Purdy

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The success of genome-wide association studies has paralleled the development of efficient genotyping technologies. We describe the development of a next-generation microarray based on the new highly-efficient Affymetrix Axiom genotyping technology that we are using to genotype individuals of European ancestry from the Kaiser Permanente Research Program on(More)
Formation of the mature 3' ends of the vast majority of cellular mRNAs occurs through cleavage and polyadenylation and requires a cleavage and polyadenylation specificity factor (CPSF) containing, among other proteins, CPSF-73 and CPSF-100. These two proteins belong to a superfamily of zinc-dependent beta-lactamase fold proteins with catalytic specificity(More)
The 3' end of mammalian histone mRNAs consisting of a conserved stem-loop and a terminal ACCCA interacts with a recently identified human 3' exonuclease designated 3'hExo. The sequence-specific interaction suggests that 3'hExo may participate in the degradation of histone mRNAs. ERI-1, a Caenorhabditis elegans homologue of 3'hExo, has been implicated in(More)
The human DNA methyltransferase 3A (DNMT3A) is essential for establishing DNA methylation patterns. Knowing the key factors involved in the regulation of mammalian DNA methylation is critical to furthering understanding of embryonic development and designing therapeutic approaches targeting epigenetic mechanisms. We observe substrate inhibition for the full(More)
Cytochrome P450cam (CYP101) is a prokaryotic monooxygenase that requires two proteins, putidaredoxin reductase (PdR) and putidaredoxin (Pdx), to supply electrons from NADH. This study addresses the mechanism by which electrons are transported from PdR to P450cam through Pdx and used to activate O(2) at the heme of P450cam. It is shown that k(cat)/Km(O2) is(More)
Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of HhaI DNA methyltransferase and statistical coupling analysis (SCA) data on the DNA cytosine methyltransferase family were combined to identify residues that are coupled by coevolution and motion. The highest ranking correlated pairs from the data matrix product (SCA.MD) are colocalized and form stabilizing(More)
Enzymatic sequence-specific DNA modification involves multiple poorly understood intermediates. DNA methyltransferases like M.HhaI initially bind nonspecific DNA and then selectively bind and modify a unique sequence. High-resolution NMR was used to map conformational changes occurring in M.HhaI upon binding nonspecific DNA, a one base pair altered(More)
Four custom Axiom genotyping arrays were designed for a genome-wide association (GWA) study of 100,000 participants from the Kaiser Permanente Research Program on Genes, Environment and Health. The array optimized for individuals of European race/ethnicity was previously described. Here we detail the development of three additional microarrays optimized for(More)
Base pairing between the 5' end of U7 small nuclear RNA (snRNA) and the histone downstream element (HDE) in replication-dependent histone pre-mRNAs is the key event in 3'-end processing that leads to generation of mature histone mRNAs. We have cloned the Drosophila U7 snRNA and demonstrated that it is required for histone pre-mRNA 3'-end processing in a(More)
The bacterial DNA cytosine methyltransferase M.HhaI sequence-specifically modifies DNA in an S-adenosylmethionine dependent reaction. The enzyme stabilizes the target cytosine (GCGC) into an extrahelical position, with a concomitant large movement of an active site loop involving residues 80-99. We used multidimensional, transverse relaxation-optimized NMR(More)