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In the past decade or so, semi-definite programming (SDP) has emerged as a powerful tool capable of handling a remarkably wide range of problems. This article describes an innovative application of SDP techniques to quadratic inverse eigenvalue problems (QIEPs). The notion of QIEPs is of fundamental importance because its ultimate goal of constructing or… (More)

In this study, nonnegative matrix factorization is recast as the problem of approximating a polytope on the probability simplex by another polytope with fewer facets. Working on the probability simplex has the advantage that data are limited to a compact set with known boundary, making it easier to trace the approximation procedure. In particular, the… (More)

Given any nonnegative matrix $A \in \mathbb{R}^{m \times n}$ , it is always possible to express A as the sum of a series of nonnegative rank-one matrices. Among the many possible representations of A, the number of terms that contributes the shortest nonnegative rank-one series representation is called the nonnegative rank of A. Computing the exact… (More)

Singular spectrum analysis has recently become an attractive tool in a broad range of applications. Its main mechanism of alternating between rank reduction and Hankel projection to produce an approximation to a particular component of the original time series, however, deserves further mathematical justification. One paramount question to ask is how good… (More)

The notion of central path plays a fundamental role in the development of interior point methods which, in turn, have become important tools for solving various optimization problems. The central path equation is algebraic in nature and is derived from the KKT optimality conditions of a certain logarithmic barrier problem; meanwhile, the primal variable… (More)

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