Matthew M Brown

Learn More
The present experiment examined ethanol self-administration in C57BL/6J (C57) and DBA/2J (DBA) mice using a continuous access operant procedure. Adult male C57 and DBA mice were initially trained to perform a lever press response to obtain access to 10% w/v sucrose solution. Subsequently, the mice were placed in operant chambers on a continuous (23 hr/day)(More)
Dopaminergic systems are thought to play an important role in the motivational effects of ethanol. The present experiments examined the effects of haloperidol (a D2 antagonist) and SCH-23390 (a D1 antagonist) on the acquisition of ethanol-induced conditioned taste aversion. In four separate experiments, adult male Swiss-Webster mice were acclimated to a(More)
Genetic differences in nicotine-induced conditioned taste aversion were examined using inbred mice. Adult male C57BL/6J, DBA/2J, BALB/cJ and C3H/heJ mice were adapted to a 2-h per day water access regimen. Subsequently, mice received nicotine injections (0.5, 1.0 or 2.0 mg/kg) immediately after 1-h access to a NaCl flavored solution. DBA and C3H mice(More)
Arsenic is one of the more common toxic elements in the environment. The kidney accumulates this element and plays a major role in its metabolism and excretion. Mitochondria have been found in vitro to be highly sensitive to the toxicity of this element. Combined oxygen electrode and electron microscopic studies were conducted on kidneys of rats exposed to(More)
BACKGROUND Lipid components are considered to play an important role in ischaemia reperfusion injury although the mechanism of their action remains unknown. Accumulation of lipid metabolites in ischaemic tissues is a consistent observation, but exactly how these lipids are cleared from the tissues by the circulating blood during reperfusion is still open to(More)
BACKGROUND Studies in humans and animals suggest that those with a genetic predisposition toward high levels of alcohol consumption have decreased pain thresholds. The present study explores this association in rat lines selectively bred for alcohol preference or nonpreference. METHODS 13 HAD1, 11 LAD1, 16 iP5C, and 16 iNP1 rats were tested in the Ugo(More)
Analogs of the naturally occurring peptides Tyr-MIF-1 (Tyr-Pro-Leu-Gly-NH2) and Tyr-W-MIF-1 (Tyr-Pro-Trp-GLy-NH2) were synthesized and investigated for their opiate agonist as well as antagonist activity in the guinea pig ileum assay. [Tyr5]-Tyr-MIF-1 and the endogenous Tyr-W-MIF-1 were the most potent opiate agonists among the 20 compounds tested. Several(More)
The concentrations in plasma of the biologically active endogenous peptide Tyr-MIF-1 (Tyr-Pro-Leu-Gly-NH2) have not been measured during development or in female rats. By radioimmunoassay, we found that Tyr-MIF-1-like immunoreactivity (Tyr-MIF-1-LI) was first consistently detectable in plasma when the rat was 5 days old, and then gradually increased to(More)
The effects of intravenous oxpentifylline on blood viscosity and cerebral blood flow were studied in eight patients with cerebrovascular disease using a double-blind placebo controlled design. A single dose of 200 mg oxpentifylline in 10 ml saline was given by intravenous injection over 10 min and compared with 10 ml saline alone. Whole blood and plasma(More)