Matthew M. Brown

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Dopaminergic systems are thought to play an important role in the motivational effects of ethanol. The present experiments examined the effects of haloperidol (a D2 antagonist) and SCH-23390 (a D1 antagonist) on the acquisition of ethanol-induced conditioned taste aversion. In four separate experiments, adult male Swiss-Webster mice were acclimated to a(More)
The present experiment examined ethanol self-administration in C57BL/6J (C57) and DBA/2J (DBA) mice using a continuous access operant procedure. Adult male C57 and DBA mice were initially trained to perform a lever press response to obtain access to 10% w/v sucrose solution. Subsequently, the mice were placed in operant chambers on a continuous (23 hr/day)(More)
Genetic differences in nicotine-induced conditioned taste aversion were examined using inbred mice. Adult male C57BL/6J, DBA/2J, BALB/cJ and C3H/heJ mice were adapted to a 2-h per day water access regimen. Subsequently, mice received nicotine injections (0.5, 1.0 or 2.0 mg/kg) immediately after 1-h access to a NaCl flavored solution. DBA and C3H mice(More)
BACKGROUND Studies in humans and animals suggest that those with a genetic predisposition toward high levels of alcohol consumption have decreased pain thresholds. The present study explores this association in rat lines selectively bred for alcohol preference or nonpreference. METHODS 13 HAD1, 11 LAD1, 16 iP5C, and 16 iNP1 rats were tested in the Ugo(More)
Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) has become an established treatment for peripheral, renal and coronary vascular disease, where the success rate approaches 90% with complications occurring in less than 5% of patients. There has been a reluctance to recommend PTA of the internal carotid artery (ICA) because of concern about the risks of cerebral(More)
Arsenic is one of the more common toxic elements in the environment. The kidney accumulates this element and plays a major role in its metabolism and excretion. Mitochondria have been found in vitro to be highly sensitive to the toxicity of this element. Combined oxygen electrode and electron microscopic studies were conducted on kidneys of rats exposed to(More)
Analogs of the naturally occurring peptides Tyr-MIF-1 (Tyr-Pro-Leu-Gly-NH2) and Tyr-W-MIF-1 (Tyr-Pro-Trp-GLy-NH2) were synthesized and investigated for their opiate agonist as well as antagonist activity in the guinea pig ileum assay. [Tyr5]-Tyr-MIF-1 and the endogenous Tyr-W-MIF-1 were the most potent opiate agonists among the 20 compounds tested. Several(More)
Carotid artery stenosis is one of many risk factors of stroke and transient ischaemic attack. Asymptomatic and symptomatic carotid stenoses behave differently and they should be considered as different disease entities. This review provides an up-to-date overview of the evidence base for the management of patients with asymptomatic and symptomatic carotid(More)
  • M M Brown
  • 1993
This article discusses recent advances in the treatment of three cerebrovascular conditions, namely carotid stenosis, cerebral aneurysm, and arteriovenous malformation. In all three the aim of treatment is to prevent stroke, and in all three, recent advances in interventional neuroradiology are supplementing traditional surgical techniques. The benefits of(More)