Matthew Leighton Williams

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Heart failure (HF) represents one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in developed nations today. Although this disease process represents a final common endpoint for several entities, including hypertension, coronary artery disease, and cardiomyopathy, a predominant characteristic of end-stage HF is an altered beta-adrenergic receptor(More)
SETTING An inner city neighborhood in Houston, Texas, known for a high rate of drug use. OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) using the QuantiFERON-TB Gold (QFT-G) test, the TSPOT.TB test and the tuberculin skin test (TST) in drug users and to evaluate the performance of the QFT-G and TSPOT.TB tests vs. the TST. (More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to evaluate outcomes of patients with low ejection fraction who underwent surgical coronary revascularization with or without cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). METHODS The Society of Thoracic Surgeons National Database was queried from January 1, 2008, to June 30, 2011 for patients with an ejection fraction of less(More)
Cardiac-restricted overexpression of the Ca2+-binding protein S100A1 has been shown to lead to increased myocardial contractile performance in vitro and in vivo. Since decreased cardiac expression of S100A1 is a characteristic of heart failure, we tested the hypothesis that S100A1 gene transfer could restore contractile function of failing myocardium.(More)
BACKGROUND Ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) has an adverse prognosis, but survival characteristics and management are controversial. This study reviewed a 20-year series of IMR patients managed with multiple approaches to assess and refine surgical strategies. METHODS Patients having surgery for primary coronary disease from 1986 to 2006 were divided(More)
BACKGROUND Patients listed for heart transplant have a prolonged wait time, with continued deterioration, poor quality of life, and 10% mortality. Although recent bridge to transplant (BTT) studies demonstrated 1-year survival similar to heart transplantation, doubt remains about overall effectiveness as a treatment strategy compared with waiting and(More)
BACKGROUND Surgeons have adopted off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB) in an effort to reduce the morbidity of surgical revascularization. However, long-term outcome of OPCAB compared with conventional coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) remains poorly defined. METHODS AND RESULTS Using logistic regression analysis and proportional hazards(More)
BACKGROUND Failing human myocardium is characterized by an attenuated contractile response to beta-adrenergic receptor (betaAR) stimulation due to changes in this signaling cascade, including increased expression and activity of the beta-adrenergic receptor kinase (betaARK1). This leads to desensitization and downregulation of betaARs. Previously,(More)
BACKGROUND The diagnosis of thoracic aortic mobile thrombus (TAMT) is rare and is usually made after debilitating embolic events. The optimal treatment strategy is unknown. We report 14 patients with TAMT and aim to better define the role of early (less than 2 weeks) surgical thrombectomy. METHODS Between February 1996 and February 2010, we treated 14(More)
BACKGROUND The progression of tricuspid valve regurgitation (TR) and the impact of preoperative TR on postoperative outcomes in patients having left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation has not been studied. METHODS One hundred seventy-six consecutive implantable LVAD procedures were retrospectively reviewed. A total of 137 patients comprised the(More)