Matthew L Runquist

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PX-478 is a new agent known to inhibit the hypoxia-responsive transcription factor, HIF-1alpha, in experimental tumors. The current study was undertaken in preparation for clinical trials to determine which noninvasive imaging endpoint(s) is sensitive to this drug's actions. Dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) and diffusion-weighted (DW) magnetic resonance(More)
The sequence of neural responses to exogenous arterial pressure manipulation remains unclear, especially for extramedullary sites. We used functional magnetic resonance imaging procedures to visualize neural responses during pressor (phenylephrine) and depressor (sodium nitroprusside) challenges in seven isoflurane-anesthetized adult cats. Depressor(More)
It is well understood that the different regions of the body have cortical representations in proportion to the degree of innervation. Our current understanding of the rat upper extremity has been enhanced using functional MRI (fMRI), but these studies are often limited to the rat forepaw. The purpose of this study is to describe a new technique that allows(More)
The hypoxia-inducible transcription factor (HIF-1alpha) plays a central role in tumor development. PX-478 is an experimental anti-cancer drug known to inhibit HIF-1alpha in experimental tumors. The purpose of this study was to identify MRS-visible metabolic biomarkers for PX-478 response prior to phase I/II clinical trials. Single-voxel in vivo localized(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to use dynamic contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) to measure changes in tumor xenograft permeability produced by the antitumor thioredoxin-1 (Trx-1) inhibitor 1-methylpropyl 2-imidazolyl disulfide (PX-12) and to assess the relationship to Trx-1 and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels. (More)
The regions of the body have cortical and subcortical representation in proportion to their degree of innervation. The rat forepaw has been studied extensively in recent years using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), typically by stimulation using electrodes directly inserted into the skin of the forepaw. Here we stimulate the nerve directly(More)
Hypotension in adult animals recruits brain sites extending from cerebellar cortex to the midbrain and forebrain, suggesting a range of motor and endocrine reactions to maintain perfusion. We hypothesized that comparable neural actions during development rely more extensively on localized medullary processes. We used functional MRI to assess neural(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) artifacts near metallic spinal instrumentation using both conventional metal artifact reduction sequences (MARS) and 3D multispectral imaging sequences (3D-MSI). MATERIALS AND METHODS Both MARS and 3D-MSI images were acquired in 10 subjects with titanium spinal hardware on a 1.5T GE 450W scanner.(More)
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