Matthew L Anderson

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The purpose of this study was to explore the value of high-detail MR imaging in the diagnosis of the Chiari II malformation. Twenty-four patients with known Chiari II malformation as diagnosed by CT scanning were evaluated with cranial MR scans. Two patients also had spine scans. The sagittal-plane images were the most informative, and abnormalities of the(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that mediate post-transcriptional gene silencing. Over 700 human miRNAs have currently been identified, many of which are mutated or de-regulated in diseases. Here we report the identification of novel miRNAs through deep sequencing the small RNAome (<30 nt) of over 100 tissues or cell lines derived from human(More)
After radiotherapy, 20 patients, 18 with documented progression of malignant glioma and 2 with Grade II astrocytoma, received a total of 52 courses of intracarotid 1,3-bis-(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea (BCNU) at a dose of 150 mg/m2 dissolved in 5% dextrose in water. The patients were treated at 6-week intervals for a maximum of five courses of chemotherapy(More)
Ovarian cancer is a complex and deadly disease that remains difficult to detect at an early curable stage. Furthermore, although some oncogenic (Kras, Pten/PI3K and Trp53) pathways that are frequently mutated, deleted or amplified in ovarian cancer are known, how these pathways initiate and drive specific morphological phenotypes and tumor outcomes remain(More)
Dysregulated microRNA (miRNA) expression is a well-established feature of human cancer. However, the role of specific miRNAs in determining cancer outcomes remains unclear. Using Level 3 expression data from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), we identified 61 miRNAs that are associated with overall survival in 469 ovarian cancers profiled by microarray(More)
Selecting genes and pathways indicative of disease is a central problem in computational biology. This problem is especially challenging when parsing multi-dimensional genomic data. A number of tools, such as L1-norm based regularization and its extensions elastic net and fused lasso, have been introduced to deal with this challenge. However, these(More)
BACKGROUND Ovarian cancer is the second most prevalent gynecologic cancer in women. However, it is by far the most lethal. This is generally attributed to the absence of easily detectable markers specific to ovarian cancers that can be used for early diagnosis and specific therapeutic targets. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Using end point PCR we have(More)
A 56-year-old woman with ovarian papillary cystadenocarcinoma that metastasized to the pituitary gland sought treatment with a 7-day history of total loss of vision in one eye. Ten days after transsphenoidal tumor resection, the patient's vision suddenly returned to baseline. This unusual case indicates that surgical decompression of the optic nerve and(More)
The human MET gene imparts a replicated risk for autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and is implicated in the structural and functional integrity of brain. MET encodes a receptor tyrosine kinase, MET, which has a pleiotropic role in embryogenesis and modifies a large number of neurodevelopmental events. Very little is known, however, on how MET signaling(More)
High-throughput sequencing reveals an abundance of microRNA-sized fragments derived from larger non-coding RNAs. Roles for these small RNAs in gene silencing are suggested by their co-precipitation with Argonaute, the microRNA effector protein, though the extent to which they suppress gene expression endogenously remains unclear. To address this, we used(More)