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Adult mammalian Renshaw cells express large and complex postsynaptic gephyrin/glycine receptor clusters on their surface. Larger gephyrin clusters correlate with more "efficacious" inhibitory synapses, in terms of larger postsynaptic quantal size amplitudes, in part because they likely contain more postsynaptic receptors (Lim et al.  J. Physiol.… (More)
Infiltration of skin tumours by macrophages is an important step in tumour progression, although the mechanisms of macrophage recruitment to the tumour mass and the subsequent effects on tumour growth are poorly understood. Transfecting a murine regressing skin tumour with the gene for transforming growth factor (TGF)beta enabled the tumours to grow… (More)
Intra-abdominal infections (IAI) are an important cause of morbidity and are frequently associated with poor prognosis, particularly in high-risk patients. The cornerstones in the management of complicated IAIs are timely effective source control with appropriate antimicrobial therapy. Empiric antimicrobial therapy is important in the management of… (More)
In the Fall of 2006 upper level architecture students at Kansas State University used Alfred Hitchcock's film, <i>Rear Window</i>, to analyze the films' unique architectural sensibility through 3D modeling and animation and then apply that knowledge in their work. This paper will document that experience.
BACKGROUND High rates of inappropriate use of prophylactic antibiotics in surgery continue to be reported in the literature, with many institutions designing interventions aimed at improving prescription. This study evaluates the surgical arm of a clinician-focused educational antimicrobial stewardship program implemented in February 2014 at Blacktown… (More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate reasons behind strong opposition to water fluoridation in regional New South Wales, Australia, and to make recommendations to improve community engagement. IMPORTANCE Few studies have used qualitative methodologies to understand the reasons for strong antifluoridation views. An understanding of these reasons could be useful when… (More)
BACKGROUND Surgical antibiotic prophylaxis is frequently reported in the literature to be suboptimal, a finding having both clinical and public health implications. This study aimed to calculate rates and patterns of adherence to guidelines at two sites and identify extrinsic contributing factors. METHODS A retrospective analysis was conducted over two… (More)