Matthew K Thompson

Learn More
Determining the fitness of drug-resistant human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) strains is necessary for the development of population-based studies of resistance patterns. For this purpose, we have developed a reproducible, systematic assay to determine the competitive fitness of HIV-1 drug-resistant mutants. To demonstrate the applicability of this(More)
Polysialic acid is an anti-adhesive glycan that modifies a select group of mammalian proteins. The primary substrate of the polysialyltransferases (polySTs) is the neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM). Polysialic acid negatively regulates cell adhesion, is required for proper brain development, and is expressed in specific areas of the adult brain where it(More)
Previous clinical and experimental investigations have suggested that pentoxifylline, a methylxanthine, can improve cerebrovascular circulation and reduce cerebral edema in cerebrovascular disorders. Pentoxifylline's mechanism of action includes such rheologic effects as enhanced red cell deformability, alterations in leukocyte activation, and modification(More)
The neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) is the major substrate for the polysialyltransferases (polySTs), ST8SiaII/STX and ST8SiaIV/PST. The polysialylation of NCAM N-glycans decreases cell adhesion and alters signaling. Previous work demonstrated that the first fibronectin type III repeat (FN1) of NCAM is required for polyST recognition and the(More)
The mechanism of the dehalogenation step catalyzed by dehaloperoxidase (DHP) from Amphitrite ornata, an unusual heme-containing protein with a globin fold and peroxidase activity, has remarkable similarity with that of the classical heme peroxidase, horseradish peroxidase (HRP). Based on quantum mechanical/molecular mechanical (QM/MM) modeling and(More)
Dehaloperoxidase (DHP) from the terebellid polychaete Amphitrite ornata is a bifunctional enzyme that possesses both hemoglobin and peroxidase activities. Of the two DHP isoenzymes identified to date, much of the recent focus has been on DHP A, whereas very little is known pertaining to the activity, substrate specificity, mechanism of function, or(More)
Dehaloperoxidase (DHP) is a respiratory hemoglobin (Hb) that has been shown to catalyze the conversion of trihalophenols to dihaloquinones in the presence of hydrogen peroxide. Ferric heme states of the resting DHP and the free radical intermediates formed under H2O2 treatment were studied by low-temperature electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy in(More)
The present work highlights the important role played by the distal histidine in controlling the binding of heme ligands in dehaloperoxidase (DHP) as compared to myoglobin and peroxidases. In DHP the distal histidine is highly mobile and undergoes a conformational change that places it within hydrogen-bonding distance of anionic ligands and water, where(More)
The temperature dependence of the rate constant for substrate oxidation by the dehaloperoxidase-hemoglobin (DHP) of Amphitrite ornata has been measured from 278 to 308 K. The rate constant is observed to increase over this range by approximately a factor of 2 for each 10 °C temperature increment. An analysis of the initial rates using a phenomenological(More)
The dual functions of the dehaloperoxidase-hemoglobin of Amphitrite ornata leads to a paradox. Peroxidase and hemoglobin functions require ferric and ferrous resting states, respectively. Assuming that hemoglobin function is the dominant function, the starting point for peroxidase activation would be the oxyferrous state. Activation of that state leads to(More)