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The periodic destruction of mitotic cyclins is triggered by the activation of the anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C) in mitosis. Although the ability of the APC/C to recognize destruction box (D-box) substrates oscillates throughout the cell cycle, the mechanism regulating APC/C binding to D-box substrates remains unclear. Here, we show that the(More)
We recently described a novel checkpoint pathway that functions early in mitosis to delay chromosome condensation in response to microtubule poisons. The only gene implicated so far in this checkpoint pathway is chfr, whose protein product contains a RING domain and has ubiquitin ligase activity in vitro. The significance of this activity in vivo is(More)
Unfertilized vertebrate eggs are arrested in metaphase of meiosis II with high cyclin B/Cdc2 activity to prevent parthenogenesis. Until fertilization, exit from metaphase is blocked by an activity called cytostatic factor (CSF), which stabilizes cyclin B by inhibiting the anaphase-promoting complex (APC) ubiquitin ligase. The APC inhibitor early mitotic(More)
Chfr, a mitotic stress checkpoint gene, regulates a prophase delay in cells exposed to agents that disrupt microtubules, such as nocodazole and taxol. In the present study, we report that Chfr is frequently methylated in cell lines derived from tumors of the colon (80%), brain (100%) and bone (100%). In addition, Chfr was methylated in 37% of primary colon(More)
Cell cycle progression requires the E3 ubiquitin ligase anaphase-promoting complex (APC/C), which uses the substrate adaptors CDC20 and CDH1 to target proteins for proteasomal degradation. The APC(CDH1) substrate cyclin A is critical for the G1/S transition and, paradoxically, accumulates even when APC(CDH1) is active. We show that the deubiquitinase USP37(More)
A molecular pathway homologous to the S. cerevisiae mitotic exit network (MEN) and S. pombe septation initiation network has recently been described in higher eukaryotes and involves the tumor suppressor kinase LATS1 and its subunit MOB1A. The yeast MEN/septation initiation network pathways are regulated by the ubiquitin ligase defective in mitotic arrest 1(More)
In vitro, the anaphase-promoting complex (APC) E3 ligase functions with E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes of the E2-C and Ubc4/5 families to ubiquitinate substrates. However, only the use of the E2-C family, notably UbcH10, is genetically well validated. Here, we biochemically demonstrate preferential use of UbcH10 by the APC, specified by the E2 core(More)
Current theories suggest that mitotic checkpoint proteins are essential for proper cellular response to taxanes, a widely used family of chemotherapeutic compounds. We recently showed that absence or depletion of protein Daxx increases cellular taxol (paclitaxel) resistance-a common trait of patients diagnosed with several malignancies, including breast(More)
CHFR, a novel checkpoint gene inactivated in human cancer, delays chromosome condensation in cells treated with microtubule poisons. To understand the molecular mechanism for this delay, we characterized cells with inactivated CHFR and stably transfected derivatives expressing the wild-type gene. After exposure to microtubule poisons, the CHFR-expressing(More)
During cell division, cells form the microtubule-based mitotic spindle, a highly specialized and dynamic structure that mediates proper chromosome transmission to daughter cells. Cancer cells can show perturbed mitotic spindles and an approach in cancer treatment has been to trigger cell killing by targeting microtubule dynamics or spindle assembly. To(More)