Matthew K. H. Hong

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The Illumina HumanMethylation450 BeadChip (HM450K) measures the DNA methylation of 485,512 CpGs in the human genome. The technology relies on hybridization of genomic fragments to probes on the chip. However, certain genomic factors may compromise the ability to measure methylation using the array such as single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), small(More)
Tumour heterogeneity in primary prostate cancer is a well-established phenomenon. However, how the subclonal diversity of tumours changes during metastasis and progression to lethality is poorly understood. Here we reveal the precise direction of metastatic spread across four lethal prostate cancer patients using whole-genome and ultra-deep targeted(More)
OBJECTIVE •To determine the effect of an upgrade in Gleason score between initial prostate biopsy and final prostatectomy specimen on the risk of postoperative biochemical recurrence. PATIENTS AND METHODS •A total of 1629 patients with paired biopsy and radical prostatectomy histology were identified from two prospectively recorded prostate cancer(More)
PURPOSE It has been recognized for almost a decade that concentrations of signaling androgens sufficient to activate the androgen receptor are present in castration-resistant prostate cancer tissue. The source of these androgens is highly controversial, with three competing models proposed. We, therefore, wished to determine the androgenic potential of(More)
Prostate cancer is the second most common urological malignancy to be associated with paraneoplastic syndromes after renal cell carcinoma. These syndromes tend to occur in the setting of late stage and aggressive tumors with poor overall outcomes. Recognition of these syndromes is clinically important as it might lead to the detection of underlying(More)
UNLABELLED What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Positive surgical margins (PSMs) after radical prostatectomy are common, although their impact on the risk of disease recurrence is unknown. We examined the impact of PSMs on the risk of 'significant' biochemical recurrence stratified by their risk of occult metastatic disease. We find(More)
Two accessory muscles were found in the lateral compartment of the forearm while dissecting a 92-year-old female cadaver. One of these originated from the extensor carpi radialis brevis, became tendinous and travelled between the two radial extensor tendons. It inserted independently into the second metacarpal bone, and may be regarded as an extensor carpi(More)
Strict intra-operative haemostasis is essential in the practice of neurosurgery. Over the last century, haemostatic methods have advanced significantly and the modern surgeon is now faced with an array of haemostatic agents, each with subtly different qualities and proven in different contexts with various levels of evidence. The popularity of endoscopic(More)
UNLABELLED Study Type - Diagnostic (exploratory cohort) Level of Evidence 2b What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Due to sampling error, the Gleason score of clinically localized prostate cancer is frequently underestimated at the time of initial biopsy. Given that this may lead to inappropriate surveillance of patients with high-risk(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to determine if microRNA profiling of urine and plasma at radical prostatectomy can distinguish potentially lethal from indolent prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS A panel of microRNAs was profiled in the plasma of 70 patients and the urine of 33 patients collected prior to radical prostatectomy. Expression of(More)