Matthew Jefferson

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In secreted fluids, the enzyme lactoperoxidase (LP) catalyzes the oxidation of thiocyanate ion (SCN-) by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), producing the weak oxidizing agent hypothiocyanite (OSCN-), which has bacteriostatic activity. However, H2O2 has antibacterial activity in the absence of LP and thiocyanate (SCN-). Therefore, LP may increase antibacterial(More)
Myeloperoxidase and eosinophil peroxidase catalyzed the oxidation of bromide ion by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and produced a brominating agent that reacted with amine compounds to form bromamines, which are long-lived oxidants containing covalent nitrogen-bromine bonds. Results were consistent with oxidation of bromide to an equilibrium mixture of(More)
Isolated human neutrophilic leukocytes were stimulated to produce hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and to secrete cytoplasmic granule components including myeloperoxidase into the medium. Myeloperoxidase catalyzed the oxidation of chloride (Cl-) by H2O2 to yield hypochlorous acid (HOCl), which reacted with endogenous nitrogen compounds to yield derivatives(More)
Production of hydrogen peroxide and secretion of myeloperoxidase by stimulated neutrophils resulted in myeloperoxidase-catalyzed oxidation of chloride to hypochlorous acid (HOCl), the reaction of HOCl with taurine to yield taurine monochloramine (TauNHCl), and accumulation of TauNHCl in the extracellular medium. When erythrocytes were present, the yield of(More)
Incubation of stimulated neutrophils with sulfhydryl (RSH) compounds or ascorbic acid (ascorbate) results in rapid superoxide (O2-)-dependent oxidation of these reducing agents. Oxidation of RSH compounds to disulfides (RSSR) is faster than the rate of O2- production by the neutrophil NADPH-oxidase, whereas about one ascorbate is oxidized per O2-. Ascorbate(More)
Isolated neutrophilic leukocytes were incubated with primary amines and related nitrogenous compounds. Stimulation of neutrophil oxygen (O2) metabolism with phorbol myristate acetate or opsonized zymosan resulted in production of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), myeloperoxidase-catalyzed oxidation of chloride (C1-) to hypochlorous acid (HOC1), and the reaction of(More)
Stimulation of the oxygen (O2) metabolism of isolated human neutrophilic leukocytes resulted in oxidation of hemoglobin of autologous erythrocytes without erythrocyte lysis. Hb oxidation could be accounted for by reduction of O2 to superoxide (O-2) by the neutrophils, dismutation of O-2 to yield hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), myeloperoxidase-catalyzed oxidation(More)
Mutagenesis by chloramines and hypochlorous acid (HOCl) was studied to determine whether these agents could contribute to the mutagenic and potentially carcinogenic activity of stimulated leukocytes and whether environmental exposure to these agents is a cause for concern. Mutagenic activity was measured using the S. typhimurium TA97a, TA100 and TA102(More)
Myeloperoxidase-catalyzed oxidation of chloride (Cl-) to hypochlorous acid (HOCl) resulted in formation of mono- and dichloramine derivatives (RNHCl and RNCl2) of primary amines. The RNCl2 derivatives could undergo a reaction that resulted in incorporation of the R moiety into proteins. The probable mechanism was attack of RNCl2 or an intermediate formed in(More)