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Immune complex (IC)-induced inflammation is integral to the pathogenesis of several autoimmune diseases. ICs activate the complement system and interact with IgG FcgammaR. In this study, we demonstrate that activation of the complement system, specifically generation of C5a, initiates the neutrophilic inflammation in IC peritonitis. We show that ablation of(More)
Kalapuya is described as a new, monotypic truffle genus in the Morchellaceae known only from the Pacific northwestern United States. Its relationship to other hypogeous genera within Morchellaceae is explored by phylogenetic analysis of the ribosomal LSU and EF1alpha protein coding region. The type species, K. brunnea, occurs in Douglas-fir forests up to(More)
In forest ecosystems, fungal mats are functionally important in nutrient and water uptake in litter and wood decomposition processes, in carbon resource allocation, soil weathering and in cycling of soil resources. Fungal mats can occur abundantly in forests and are widely distributed globally. We sampled ponderosa pine/white fir and mountain hemlock/noble(More)
Knowledge of the habitat and host associations of Craterellus tubaeformis (winter chanterelle) is the key to understanding the ecological characteristics needed for its conservation. In this study, a survey of forest types in northwestern Oregon for mycorrhizal associates is performed and the hypotheses that stand age and the volume of well-decayed, coarse,(More)
Fevansia aurantiaca is an orange-colored truffle that has been collected infrequently in the Pacific Northwest of the USA. This sequestrate, hypogeous fungus was originally thought to be related to the genera Rhizopogon or Alpova in the Boletales, but the large, inflated cells in the trama and the very pale spore mass easily segregated it from these genera.(More)
Crater Lake National Park, which is rich in a wide variety of mycorrhizal fungi such as these, presented the perfect site for studying the effects of prescribed burning on mycorrhizal fungi and soil attributes. From left—Cortinarius caperata and Tricholoma equestre. Credit: Matt Trappe. Summary A fi rst-of-its-kind study, conducted in a forest of old-growth(More)
Sedecula is a monotypic genus of hypogeous fungi that is rare and endemic to dry conifer forests of the western United States. The only known species, Sedecula pulvinata, was described in 1941 and its taxonomic placement and trophic status have remained uncertain ever since. Here we employ isotopic and molecular phylogenetic analyses to determine its(More)
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