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Recent studies support the hypothesis that soluble oligomers of amyloid beta-peptide (Abeta) rather than mature amyloid fibrils are the earliest effectors of synaptic compromise in Alzheimer's disease. We took advantage of an amyloid precursor protein-overexpressing cell line that secretes SDS-stable Abeta oligomers to search for inhibitors of the(More)
Numerous studies have now shown that the amyloid beta-protein (Abeta), the principal component of cerebral plaques in Alzheimer disease, rapidly and potently inhibits certain forms of synaptic plasticity. The amyloid (or Abeta) hypothesis proposes that the continuous disruption of normal synaptic physiology by Abeta contributes to the development of(More)
The accumulation of amyloid beta-protein (Abeta) in brain regions serving memory and cognition is a central pathogenic feature of Alzheimer's disease (AD). We have shown that small soluble oligomers of human Abeta that are naturally secreted by cultured cells inhibit hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP) in vitro and in vivo and transiently impair the(More)
Burgeoning evidence suggests that soluble oligomers of Abeta (amyloid beta-protein) are the earliest effectors of synaptic compromise in Alzheimer's disease. Whereas most other investigators have employed synthetic Abeta peptides, we have taken advantage of a beta-amyloid precursor protein-overexpressing cell line (referred to as 7PA2) that secretes(More)
Synaptic degeneration, including impairment of synaptic plasticity and loss of synapses, is an important feature of Alzheimer disease pathogenesis. Increasing evidence suggests that these degenerative synaptic changes are associated with an accumulation of soluble oligomeric assemblies of amyloid beta (Abeta) known as ADDLs. In primary hippocampal cultures(More)
In this study, the authors examined the nature of emotion perception in schizophrenia. Two samples of people with schizophrenia, one receiving acute care for a recent exacerbation of symptoms and the other receiving extended care, were compared with a nonclinical control group on emotion perception and general perception measures. The nonclinical control(More)
OBJECTIVE Despite progress in defining a pathogenic role for amyloid beta protein (Abeta) in Alzheimer's disease, orally bioavailable compounds that prevent its effects on hippocampal synaptic plasticity and cognitive function have not yet emerged. A particularly attractive therapeutic strategy is to selectively neutralize small, soluble Abeta oligomers(More)
The beta-amyloid peptide (Abeta) is thought to play a critical role in the pathophysiology of Alzheimer's disease (AD). To study the effects of Abeta on the brain, transgenic mouse models have been developed that express high levels of Abeta. These mice show some features of AD, including amyloid plaques and mild cognitive impairment, but not others such as(More)
INTRODUCTION Safinamide is a compound under investigation for use in the treatment of Parkinson's disease for combination with pharmacological therapy currently available. The objective of this study was to test the effects of safinamide in an animal model of l-DOPA-induced dyskinesias (LID), the MPTP lesioned dyskinetic macaque monkey, in comparison to and(More)
Neuronal precursor cell migration in the developing mammalian brain is a complex process requiring the coordinated interaction of numerous proteins. We have recently shown that amyloid precursor protein (APP) plays a role in migration into the cortical plate through its interaction with two cytosolic signaling proteins, disabled 1 (DAB1) and disrupted in(More)