Matthew J Terry

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Chloroplast biogenesis involves careful coordination of both plastid and nuclear gene expression, which is achieved in part by retrograde signaling from the chloroplast to the nucleus. This can be demonstrated by the fact that the herbicide, Norflurazon (NF), which causes bleaching of chloroplasts, prevents the light induction of photosynthesis-related(More)
The phytochrome-deficient aurea mutant of tomato has been widely used for the study of both phytochrome function and the role of other photoreceptors in the control of development in higher plants. To date the exact nature of the aurea mutation has remained unknown, though this information is clearly important for the interpretation of these studies. It has(More)
The phytochrome-interacting factor PIF3 has been proposed to act as a positive regulator of chloroplast development. Here, we show that the pif3 mutant has a phenotype that is similar to the pif1 mutant, lacking the repressor of chloroplast development PIF1, and that a pif1pif3 double mutant has an additive phenotype in all respects. The pif mutants showed(More)
The HY1 gene of Arabidopsis encodes a plastid heme oxygenase (AtHO1) required for the synthesis of the chromophore of the phytochrome family of plant photoreceptors. To determine the enzymatic properties of plant heme oxygenases, we have expressed the HY1 gene (without the plastid transit peptide) in Escherichia coli to produce an amino terminal fusion(More)
During de-etiolation, the co-ordinated synthesis of chlorophyll and the chlorophyll a/b-binding proteins is critical to the development of functional light-harvesting complexes. To understand how this co-ordination is achieved, we have made a detailed study of the light-regulated signalling pathways mediating the expression of the HEMA1 and Lhcb genes(More)
The haem oxygenase (HO) enzyme catalyses the oxidation of haem to biliverdin IX alpha, CO and Fe(2+), and performs a wide variety of roles in Nature, including degradation of haem from haemoglobin, iron acquisition and phycobilin biosynthesis. In plants, HOs are required for the synthesis of the chromophore of the phytochrome family of photoreceptors. There(More)
Chloroplast biogenesis involves the co-ordinated expression of the chloroplast and nuclear genomes, requiring information to be sent from the developing chloroplasts to the nucleus. This is achieved through retrograde signaling pathways and can be demonstrated experimentally using the photobleaching herbicide, norflurazon, which in seedlings results in(More)
In plants, light represents an important environmental signal that triggers the production of photosynthetically active chloroplasts. This developmental switch is critical for plant survival because chlorophyll precursors that accumulate in darkness can be extremely destructive when illuminated. Thus, plants have evolved mechanisms to adaptively control(More)
Tetrapyrroles such as chlorophyll and heme are co-factors for essential proteins involved in a wide variety of crucial cellular functions. Nearly 2% of the proteins encoded by the Arabidopsis thaliana genome are thought to bind tetrapyrroles, demonstrating their central role in plant metabolism. Although the enzymes required for tetrapyrrole biosynthesis(More)
The synthesis of 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) is the rate-limiting step for the formation of all plant tetrapyrroles, including chlorophyll and heme, and regulation of ALA synthesis is therefore critical to plant development. Glutamyl-tRNA reductase (GluTR) is the first committed enzyme of this pathway and is encoded by a small family of nuclear HEMA genes.(More)