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Species distribution models (SDMs) trained on presence-only data are frequently used in ecological research and conservation planning. However, users of SDM software are faced with a variety of options, and it is not always obvious how selecting one option over another will affect model performance. Working with MaxEnt software and with tree fern presence(More)
BACKGROUND Quantitative endophenotypes are needed to better understand the pathogenesis of schizophrenia. The psychobiological model of temperament and character suggests that personality traits are heritable and regulated by brain systems influencing schizophrenia susceptibility. Thus, measures of temperament and character may serve as(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this experiment was to investigate mechanisms underlying commonly-observed verbal memory impairments in schizophrenia, and especially the hypothesized encoding deficit. METHODS A verbal memory task was administered to 38 patients with schizophrenia and 38 normal controls. Three functions involved in long-term memory-encoding,(More)
BACKGROUND Biomarkers are needed that can distinguish between schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder to inform the ongoing debate over the diagnostic boundary between these two disorders. Neuromorphometric abnormalities of the thalamus have been reported in individuals with schizophrenia and linked to core features of the disorder, but have not been(More)
1. We review our ecological understanding of wildlife infectious diseases from the individual host to the ecosystem scale, highlighting where conceptual thinking lacks verification, discussing difficulties and challenges, and offering potential future research directions. 2. New molecular approaches hold potential to increase our understanding of parasite(More)
Little has been done to study the effectiveness of antidepressants in controlling anxiety/depression in a population of cancer patients. A double-blind placebo-controlled study was therefore designed to assess the effectiveness of 20 mg fluoxetine. Of 115 cancer patients who fulfilled entry criteria for levels of distress, 45 patients were randomized to a(More)
Reality monitoring and selective attention have been repeatedly shown to be impaired in schizophrenia. Positive symptomatology has been found to be associated with deficits in both reality monitoring and selective attention. Therefore, a direct link between reality monitoring and selective attention was hypothesized. Thirty-two schizophrenic patients and 32(More)
A progressive global increase in the burden of allergic diseases has affected the industrialized world over the last half century and has been reported in the literature. The clinical evidence reveals a general increase in both incidence and prevalence of respiratory diseases, such as allergic rhinitis (common hay fever) and asthma. Such phenomena may be(More)
The molecular genetic diagnosis of inherited metabolic disorders is challenging. The diseases are rare, and most show locus heterogeneity. Hence, testing of the genes associated with IMDs is time consuming and often not easily available. We report a resequencing array that allows the simultaneous resequencing of up to 92 genes associated with IMDs. To(More)