Matthew J. Riese

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Limited responsiveness to inflammatory cytokines is a feature of adult hematopoietic stem cells and contributes to the relative quiescence and durability of the stem cell population in vivo. Here we report that the executioner Caspase, Caspase-3, unexpectedly participates in that process. Mice deficient in Caspase-3 had increased numbers of immunophenotypic(More)
Bacterial pathogens utilize several strategies to modulate the organization of the actin cytoskeleton. Some bacterial toxins catalyze the covalent modification of actin or the Rho GTPases, which are involved in the control of the actin cytoskeleton. Other bacteria produce toxins that act as guanine nucleotide exchange factors or GTPase-activating proteins(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa Exoenzyme S (ExoS) is a bifunctional type-III cytotoxin. The N terminus possesses a Rho GTPase-activating protein (GAP) activity, whereas the C terminus comprises an ADP-ribosyltransferase domain. We investigated whether the ADP-ribosyltransferase activity of ExoS influences its GAP activity. Although the ADP-ribosyltransferase(More)
decapentaplegic (dpp) is a Transforming Growth Factor beta (TGF-beta)-related growth factor that controls multiple developmental processes in Drosophila. To identify components involved in dpp signaling, we carried out a genetic screen for dominant enhancer mutations of a hypomorphic allele of thick veins (tkv), a type I receptor for dpp. We recovered new(More)
Modulation of T cell receptor signal transduction in CD8(+) T cells represents a novel strategy toward enhancing the immune response to tumor. Recently, levels of guanine exchange factors, RasGRP and SOS, within T cells have been shown to represent a key determinant in the regulation of the analog to the digital activation threshold of Ras. One important(More)
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) resident PKR-like kinase (PERK) is necessary for Akt activation in response to ER stress. We demonstrate that PERK harbors intrinsic lipid kinase, favoring diacylglycerol (DAG) as a substrate and generating phosphatidic acid (PA). This activity of PERK correlates with activation of mTOR and phosphorylation of Akt on Ser473.(More)
Recent clinical trials have shown promise in the use of chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-transduced T cells; however, augmentation of their activity may broaden their clinical use and improve their efficacy. We hypothesized that because CAR action requires proteins essential for T-cell receptor (TCR) signal transduction, deletion of negative regulators of(More)
Exoenzyme S (ExoS) is a bifunctional virulence factor directly translocated into eukaryotic cells by the type III secretory process of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Bacterial translocation of ExoS into epithelial cells is associated with diverse effects on cell function, including inhibition of growth, alterations in cell morphology, and effects on adherence(More)
Germ cell tumors (GCTs) are the most common solid malignancy in young adult males. Approximately 28% of metastatic non-seminomatous GCTs have features that confer a poor prognosis, as defined by the International Germ Cell Consensus Classification. Five-year survival rates in poor prognosis GCTs remain about 50%. Despite numerous clinical trials testing a(More)
ExoS is a bifunctional type III cytotoxin that is secreted by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The N-terminal domain comprises a RhoGAP activity, while the C-terminal domain comprises a ADP-ribosyltransferase activity. Previous studies showed that ExoS ADP ribosylated Ras at Arg41 which interfered with the ability of Ras to interact with its guanine nucleotide(More)