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Percutaneous vertebroplasty is an effective treatment for aggressive vertebral hemangiomas, osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures, spinal metastases, and myelomas. As percutaneous vertebroplasty is more commonly performed to treat various forms of back pain, new or modified cements are being used. This review examines the physiochemical and(More)
Spiral ganglion Schwann cells (SGSCs) myelinate spiral ganglion neurons (SGNs) and represent a potential source of neurotrophic support for SGNs. Deafening due to loss of hair cells results in gradual degeneration and death of SGNs. Successful efforts to maintain or regenerate a functional auditory nerve may depend on a healthy population of SGSCs, yet the(More)
Chondrocytes are mesenchymally derived cells that reportedly acquire some epithelial characteristics; however, whether this is a progression through a mesenchymal to epithelial transition (MET) during chondrosarcoma development is still a matter of investigation. We observed that chondrosarcoma cells acquired the expression of four epithelial markers,(More)
Intraosseous hemangiomas are rare. We report the case of a 47-year-old man who presented with a gradually enlarging left zygomatic mass that had caused pain, deformity, and superficial soft-tissue swelling. Computed tomography revealed a well-circumscribed 2.0 × 2.5-cm mass with a ground-glass matrix in the left zygoma. Following surgical excision, the(More)
OBJECTIVE To discuss the role of the King LT reusable supraglottic airway in emergency airway management. DESIGN Retrospective case series review. SETTING Tertiary academic medical facility. PATIENTS We studied patients who presented to the emergency trauma center having undergone intubation at an outside facility or at the scene of the incident. The(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze the ability of ErbB inhibitors to reduce the growth of vestibular schwannoma (VS) xenografts. METHODS Vestibular schwannoma xenografts were established in the interscapular fat pad in nude mice for 4 weeks. Initially, a small cohort of animals was treated with the ErbB2 inhibitor trastuzumab or saline for 2 weeks. Animals also(More)
OBJECTIVES After axotomy, Schwann cells (SCs), required for successful nerve regeneration, undergo a number of cellular changes including dedifferentiation, proliferation, expression of molecules that support axon growth, and apoptosis. This study investigated the role of p75, sortilin, and proneurotrophins in SC survival after facial nerve (FN) axotomy. (More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if epigenetic-modifying drugs can increase iodine uptake in thyroid carcinoma cell lines. STUDY DESIGN Human thyroid carcinoma cell lines were tested for iodine uptake before and after treatment with epigenetic-modifying agents. RESULTS Thyroid carcinoma cell lines DRO and 2-7 had high levels of DNA methylation (74% and 80%)(More)
Increased 14-3-3sigma expression has been observed by immunohistochemistry in papillary and anaplastic tumors, but not follicular thyroid cancers. 14-3-3sigma mRNA expression and methylation status was examined in tumor cell lines and primary thyroid tissues using real-time RT-PCR, bisulfite sequencing and methylation-specific PCR. Most of the 27 CpG's in(More)
Amyloid precursor protein (APP) has been implicated in squamous cell carcinoma. In this study we show that forced expression of the transcription factor activating protein 2alpha (AP-2alpha) results in significantly increased steady state levels of APP mRNA in human keratinocytes. Sequence analysis of the 5' end of the human APP gene revealed five putative(More)