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Bulged-G motifs are ubiquitous internal RNA loops that provide specific recognition sites for proteins and RNAs. To establish the common and distinctive features of the motif we determined the structures of three variants and compared them with related structures. The variants are 27-nt mimics of the sarcin/ricin loop (SRL) from Escherichia coli 23S(More)
Restrictocin is a site-specific endoribonuclease that inactivates ribosomes by cleaving the sarcin/ricin loop (SRL) of 23S-28S rRNA. Here we present a kinetic and thermodynamic analysis of the SRL cleavage reaction based on monitoring the cleavage of RNA oligonucleotides (2-27-mers). Restrictocin binds to a 27-mer SRL model substrate (designated wild-type(More)
Sarcin is a member of a fungal toxin family that enters cells and specifically cleaves one of the thousands of RNA phosphodiester bonds in the ribosome. As a result, elongation factor binding is disrupted, translation is inhibited and apoptosis is triggered. The toxin targets a universal RNA structure in the ribosome called the sarcin/ricin loop (SRL). A(More)
Restrictocin and related fungal endoribonucleases from the α-sarcin family site-specifically cleave the sarcin/ricin loop (SRL) on the ribosome to inhibit translation and ultimately trigger cell death. Previous studies showed that the SRL folds into a bulged-G motif and tetraloop, with restrictocin achieving a specificity of ∼1000-fold by recognizing both(More)
Restrictocin, a member of the alpha-sarcin family of site-specific endoribonucleases, uses electrostatic interactions to bind to the ribosome and to RNA oligonucleotides, including the minimal specific substrate, the sarcin/ricin loop (SRL) of 23S-28S rRNA. Restrictocin binds to the SRL by forming a ground-state E:S complex that is stabilized predominantly(More)
Telomere maintenance is an essential characteristic of cancer cells, most commonly achieved by activation of telomerase. Telomeres can also be maintained by a recombination-based mechanism, alternative lengthening of telomeres (ALT). Cells using ALT are characterized by the presence of ALT-associated promyelocytic leukemia (PML) bodies (APB), long,(More)
Telomere maintenance is an essential characteristic of cancer cells, most commonly achieved by activation of telomerase. Telomeres can also be maintained by a recombination-based mechanism, alternative lengthening of telomeres (ALT). Cells using ALT are characterized by the presence of ALT-associated promyelocytic leukemia (PML) bodies (APB), long,(More)
Altered cysteine dioxygenase 1 (CDO1) gene expression has been observed in several cancers but has not yet been investigated in liposarcomas. The aim of this study was to evaluate CDO1 expression in a cohort of liposarcomas and to determine its association with clinicopathological features. Existing microarray data indicated variable CDO1 expression in(More)
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