Matthew J Parisi

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Comparative analysis of multiple genomes in a phylogenetic framework dramatically improves the precision and sensitivity of evolutionary inference, producing more robust results than single-genome analyses can provide. The genomes of 12 Drosophila species, ten of which are presented here for the first time (sechellia, simulans, yakuba, erecta, ananassae,(More)
Unidirectional and net water fluxes were simultaneously estimated in frog urinary bladder. The minute by minute tritiated water (3HOH) transepithelial flux and the net volume of fluid traversing the tissue were employed. It was observed that: (1) the time course of the increase in the 3HOH flux induced by antidiuretic hormone had a very similar pattern to(More)
Mucosal acidification (from pH 8.1 to 6.0) reversibly inhibited the hydroosmotic responses to oxytocin, cyclic AMP and 8-bromo-cyclic AMP in frog urinary bladder. These inhibitory effects were only observed in the presence of a permeant buffer in the apical medium and could also be elicited by CO2 bubbling, even when the mucosal pH was clamped at 8.1. Acid(More)
The pumilio (pum) gene plays an essential role in embryonic patterning and germline stem cell (GSC) maintenance during oogenesis in Drosophila. Here we report on a phenotypic analysis using pum(ovarette) mutations, which reveals multiple functions of pum in primordial germ cell proliferation, larval ovary formation, GSC division, and subsequent oogenic(More)
In Drosophila, oogenesis is initiated when a germline stem cell produces a differentiating daughter cell called the cystoblast. The cystoblast undergoes four rounds of synchronous divisions with incomplete cytokinesis to generate a syncytial cyst of 16 interconnected cystocytes, in which one cystocyte differentiates into an oocyte. Strong mutations of the(More)
The gravitational-wave (GW) sky may include nearby pointlike sources as well as stochastic backgrounds. We perform two directional searches for persistent GWs using data from the LIGO S5 science run: one optimized for pointlike sources and one for arbitrary extended sources. Finding no evidence to support the detection of GWs, we present 90% confidence(More)
The cloning and molecular characterization of water channels, generically called aquaporins, have marked a pivotal point in our understanding of water movements across epithelial barriers. Nevertheless, the mechanisms underlying water transfer across these barriers at the molecular and cellular level are not yet clarified. We analyze here the role of the(More)
The minute-by-minute net water movement (Jw) in the rat cecum was correlated with the transepithelial potential difference (PD), short-circuit current (Isc), and the unidirectional Na+, Cl-, and Rb+ fluxes, with the following results. 1) Jw was a linear function of the applied hydrostatic or osmotic transepithelial gradients (hydrostatic permeability(More)
The ovarian oocytes from Bufo arenarum (BAO) but not those from Xenopus laevis (XLO) would have water channels (WC). We now report that the injection of the mRNA from BAO into the oocytes from XLO increased their water osmotic permeability (Pi) (reduced by 0.3 mM HgCl2 and reversed by 5 mM beta-mercaptoethanol). A 30-min challenge with progesterone induced,(More)
In Drosophila melanogaster and the endemic Hawaiian species D. grimshawi three Yolk protein (Yp) genes are expressed in a similar sex- and tissue-specific pattern. In contrast, DNA sequence comparisons of promoter/enhancer regions show low levels of similarity. We tested the functional significance of these observations by transforming D. melanogaster with(More)