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Variations in local neural activity are accompanied by rapid, focal changes in cerebral blood flow and volume. While a range of observations have shown that dilation occurs in cerebral arteries, there is conflicting evidence about the significance of volume changes in post-arteriole vessels. Here, we reconcile the competing observations using a new(More)
Neural activation triggers a rapid, focal increase in blood flow and thus oxygen delivery. Local oxygen consumption also increases, although not to the same extent as oxygen delivery. This 'uncoupling' enables a number of widely-used functional neuroimaging techniques; however, the physiologic mechanisms that govern oxygen transport under these conditions(More)
We present a cost-effective in vivo two-photon microscope with a highly flexible frontend for in vivo research. Our design ensures fast and reproducible access to the area of interest, including rotation of imaging plane, and maximizes space for auxiliary experimental equipment in the vicinity of the animal. Mechanical flexibility is achieved with large(More)
The cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen (CMRO2) is an important measure of brain function. Since it is challenging to measure directly, especially dynamically, a number of neuroimaging techniques aim to infer activation-induced changes in CMRO2 from indirect data. Here, we employed a mathematical modelling approach, based on fundamental biophysical(More)
An amazingly wide range of complex behavior emerges from the cerebral cortex. Much of the information processing that leads to these behaviors is performed in neocortical circuits that span throughout the six layers of the cortex. Maintaining this circuit activity requires substantial quantities of oxygen and energy substrates, which are delivered by the(More)
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