Matthew J Hansard

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Monoamine reuptake inhibitors that do not discriminate between the transporters for dopamine (DA), norepinephrine (NE), or 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT, serotonin) can reverse locomotor deficits and motor disability in 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-treated common marmosets. DA reuptake inhibition is presumed to be primarily responsible,(More)
Piribedil ([1-(3,4-methylenedioxybenzyl)-4-(2-pyrimidinyl)piperazine]; S 4200) is a dopamine agonist with equal affinity for D(2)/D(3) dopamine receptors effective in treating Parkinson's disease as monotherapy or as an adjunct to levodopa (L-dopa). However, its ability to prime basal ganglia for the appearance of dyskinesia is unknown. We now report on the(More)
Long-term treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD) with levodopa (L-dopa) induces dyskinesia that, once established, is provoked by each dose of L-dopa or a dopamine (DA) agonist. In contrast, monoamine reuptake inhibitors may reverse motor deficits in 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-treated primates without provoking established(More)
Levodopa (L-dopa) consistently primes basal ganglia for the appearance of dyskinesia in parkinsonian patients and 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine hydrochloride (MPTP) -treated primates. This finding may reflect its relatively short duration of effects resulting in pulsatile stimulation of postsynaptic dopamine receptors in the striatum. We have(More)
The atypical antidepressant, bupropion, causes a partial reversal of motor deficits in 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine-treated primates. However, its monoamine uptake blocking actions are believed to be mediated by the major metabolites, racemic (-)-(2R,3R)-2-(3-chlorophenyl-3,5,5-trimethyl-2-morphinol) (R,R-hydroxybupropion) and(More)
Nonspecific monoamine reuptake inhibitors reverse motor abnormalities in 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-treated marmosets without evoking established dyskinesia. However, it is not known whether dopamine reuptake inhibition alone explains these actions or whether noradrenaline and/or serotonin reuptake blockade also contributes. L-DOPA(More)
Dopamine replacement therapy in Parkinson’s disease (PD) using l-dopa is invariably associated with a loss of drug efficacy (“wearing off”) and the onset of dyskinesia. The use of dopamine receptor partial agonists might improve therapeutic benefit without increased dyskinesia expression but may antagonise the effects of l-dopa. We now examine the effects(More)
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