Matthew J. Gdovin

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Although neuronal nicotinic ACh receptors (nAChR) play a key role in synaptic transmission and information transfer in the nervous system, little is known about the molecular mechanisms that govern the expression of the multiple subunits that form the receptors and determine their functional properties. Using electrophysiological and molecular biological(More)
Sites of central CO2 chemosensitivity were investigated in isolated brain stems from Rana catesbeiana tadpoles and frogs. Respiratory neurograms were made from cranial nerve (CN) 7 and spinal nerve 2. Superfusion of the brain stem with hypercapnic artificial cerebrospinal fluid elicited increased fictive lung ventilation. The effect of focal perfusion of(More)
During ontogeny, amphibian larvae experience a dramatic alteration in the motor act of breathing as the premetamorphic gill breather develops into the postmetamorphic lung ventilator. We tested the hypothesis that the site of lung rhythmogenesis relocates during metamorphosis by recording fictive lung ventilation before and after transecting the in vitro(More)
Extracellular pH and PO2 was recorded in the isolated in vitro brainstem of the metamorphic tadpole, Rana catesbeiana while the brainstem preparation was superfused with oxygenated mock cerebrospinal fluid of pH = 7.8, PCO2 = 17 Torr, PO2 = 600 Torr at 23 degrees C. Using pH and PO2 microelectrodes, the ventral medullary surface was penetrated at midline(More)
Central CO(2) chemoreception and the role of carbonic anhydrase were assessed in brain stems from Rana catesbeiana tadpoles and frogs. Buccal and lung rhythms were recorded from cranial nerve VII and spinal nerve II during normocapnia and hypercapnia before and after treatment with 25 microM acetazolamide. The lung response to acetazolamide mimicked the(More)
The ventilatory response to CO2 changes as a function of neonatal development. In rats, a ventilatory response to CO2 is present in the first 5 days of life, but this ventilatory response to CO2 wanes and reaches its lowest point around postnatal day 8. Subsequently, the ventilatory response to CO2 rises towards adult levels. Similar patterns in the(More)
Spontaneous high-frequency, low-amplitude and low-frequency, high-amplitude efferent bursting patterns of cranial and spinal motor nerve activity in the in vitro brainstem preparation of the bullfrog tadpole Rana catesbeiana have been characterized as fictive gill and lung ventilation, respectively (Gdovin MJ, Torgerson CS, Remmers JE). Characterization of(More)
The location of central respiratory chemoreceptors in amphibian larvae may change as the central chemoreceptive function shifts from driving gill to driving lung ventilation during metamorphosis. We examined this possibility in the in vitro brain stem of the pre- and postmetamorphic Rana catesbeiana tadpole by microinjecting hypercapnic artificial(More)
The pattern of efferent neural activity recorded from the isolated brain stem preparation of the tadpole Rana catesbeiana was examined to characterize fictive gill and lung ventilations during ontogeny. In vitro recordings from cranial nerve (CN) roots V, VII, and X and spinal nerve (SN) root II of premetamorphic tadpoles showed a coordinated sequence of(More)
A decerebrate, spontaneously breathing tadpole preparation (Taylor-Kollros stages 16-19) was used to test the general hypothesis that the efferent bursting activities of cranial nerves (CN) V, VII and spinal nerve (SN) II are respiratory in nature, and, in particular, to identify separate and specific neural correlates of gill and lung ventilation.(More)