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BACKGROUND Before palliative stage 2 for hypoplastic left heart syndrome, the coronary and cerebral circulations are often dependent on retrograde perfusion by means of the aortic arch. Results of hybrid palliation with a focus on patients exhibiting retrograde aortic arch obstruction (RAAO) were analyzed. METHODS From July 2002 to March 2008 66(More)
There is interest currently in the AgNOR technique, for NOR-associated proteins. In some cases, this technique enables the distinction to be made between certain grades of malignancy and may enable prognostic assessment. This paper attempts to suggest a standardized means for the enumeration of NORs in histological sections. Attention should be paid to(More)
A silver colloid technique to identify nucleolar organizer region associated protein (AgNOR) has been applied to 68 cutaneous tumours. Basal cell carcinomas, eccrine tumours, apocrine tumours, and hair follicle tumours had differences in their numbers of AgNORs; these appeared as small black dots in their nuclei. Dermatofibromas and squamous cell carcinomas(More)
A silver colloid technique to identify nucleolar organiser region associated protein (AgNOR) was applied to 16 fibrous proliferations of childhood and six low grade fibrosarcomas. The fibrous proliferations comprised five cases of infantile digital fibromatosis, seven of infantile desmoid type fibromatosis, and four of infantile myofibromatosis. The AgNORs(More)
The aim of this study was to measure multidrug resistance (MDR) by flow cytometry and quantify the expression of P-glycoprotein (using antibody) glutathione transferase (using alpha-GSTpi antibody) in alpha-JSB-1 and alpha-GSTpi of a series of cell lines and primary breast cancers, and to assess the relationship between these MDR proteins and a selection of(More)
A silver colloid technique was applied to 50 colposcopic biopsies of cervix. These comprised nine cases of wart virus infection of the cervix, 11 cases of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) I, nine cases of CIN II, eight cases of CIN III, seven normal biopsies and six cases showing only incomplete squamous metaplasia. The mean numbers of argyrophilic(More)
On the basis of a silver colloid technique to identify nucleolar organizer region-associated protein (AgNOR) counts, transitional papillomas of the nose showing malignant change could easily be distinguished from their benign counterparts and both could be distinguished from invasive carcinomas.
Three hundred and sixty seven neoplastic colorectal polyps removed at endoscopy of which 34 were complicated by invasive carcinoma, were reviewed clinically and histologically to assess the prevalence and clinical significance of venous and or lymphatic invasion. Traditional stains for histological assessment were supplemented by immunohistochemical(More)
Transition from a normal to a cancerous state is marked by alterations in the cytoskeletal structure of those cells involved. We have examined such changes to determine if these transitions are markers of disease progression. Cytokeratin (CK) protein and messenger RNA (mRNA) expression were examined in malignant and benign breast tissues. Flow cytometric(More)