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The microcirculation is responsible for orchestrating adjustments in vascular tone to match local tissue perfusion with oxygen demand. Beyond this metabolic dilation, the microvasculature plays a critical role in modulating vascular tone by endothelial release of an unusually diverse family of compounds including nitric oxide, other reactive oxygen species,(More)
Small arterioles (40-150 μm) contribute to the majority of vascular resistance within organs and tissues. Under resting conditions, the basal tone of these vessels is determined by a delicate balance between vasodilator and vasoconstrictor influences. Cardiovascular homeostasis and regional tissue perfusion is largely a function of the ability of these(More)
RATIONALE Telomerase is a nuclear regulator of telomere elongation with recent reports suggesting a role in regulation of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species. Flow-mediated dilation in patients with cardiovascular disease is dependent on the formation of reactive oxygen species. OBJECTIVE We examined the hypothesis that telomerase activity modulates(More)
Endothelial nitric oxide (NO) is the primary mediator of flow-mediated dilation (FMD) in human adipose microvessels. Impaired NO-mediated vasodilation occurs after acute and chronic hypertension, possibly due to excess generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). The direct role of pressure elevation in this impairment of human arteriolar dilation is not(More)
Increased intraluminal pressure can reduce endothelial function in resistance arterioles; however, the mechanism of this impairment is unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of local renin-angiotensin system inhibition on the pressure-induced blunting of endothelium-dependent vasodilation in human adipose arterioles. Arterioles(More)
OBJECTIVE This study examined vascular actions of angiotensin 1-7 (ANG 1-7) in human atrial and adipose arterioles. APPROACH AND RESULTS The endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor of flow-mediated dilation (FMD) switches from antiproliferative nitric oxide (NO) to proatherosclerotic hydrogen peroxide in arterioles from humans with coronary artery(More)
The goals of this study were to 1) determine the acute effect of ANG-(1-7) on vascular tone in isolated middle cerebral arteries (MCAs) from Sprague-Dawley rats fed a normal salt (NS; 0.4% NaCl) diet, 2) evaluate the ability of chronic intravenous infusion of ANG-(1-7) (4 ng·kg(-1)·min(-1)) for 3 days to restore endothelium-dependent dilation to(More)
This study determined the effect of ANG-(1-7) on salt-induced suppression of endothelium-dependent vasodilatation in the mesenteric arteries of male Sprague-Dawley rats. Chronic intravenous infusion of ANG-(1-7), oral administration of the nonpeptide mas receptor agonist AVE-0991, and acute preincubation of the arteries with ANG-(1-7) and AVE-0991 all(More)
This study evaluated endothelium-dependent vascular relaxation in response to acetylcholine (ACh) in isolated middle cerebral arteries (MCA) from Dahl salt-sensitive (Dahl SS) rats and three different congenic strains that contain a portion of Brown Norway (BN) chromosome 13 introgressed onto the Dahl SS genetic background through marker-assisted breeding.(More)