Matthew J Dawson

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Concentrations of phosphorus metabolites and intracellular pH have been measured in non-pregnant, late-pregnant and post-partum rat uterus using 31P nuclear magnetic resonance (31P n.m.r.). Intact uterine tissue was superfused with oxygenated de-Jalon solution at 4, 20 or 37 degrees C while inside the n.m.r. spectrometer. The phosphocreatine concentration(More)
Busulfan (1,4-butanediol dimethanesulfonate, BU) is relatively unique among other standard chemotherapy compounds in its ability to deplete noncycling primitive stem cells in the host and consequently to allow for high levels of long-term, donor-type engraftment after bone marrow transplantation (BMT). Such a property explains why this drug can be used as(More)
1. We have used phosphorus nuclear magnetic resonance (31P NMR) to study muscular fatigue in anaerobic amphibian muscle. In this paper the biochemical and energetic changes that result from a series of tetani are related to the decrease in rate constant (1/tau) for the final, exponential, phase of relaxation. 2. Using 31P NMR we have measured the(More)
1. Phosphorus nuclear magnetic resonance ((31)P NMR) can be used to measure the concentrations of phosphorus-containing metabolites within living tissue. We have developed methods for maintaining muscles in physiological condition, stimulating them and recording tension while at the same time accumulating their (31)P NMR spectra. Experiments were performed(More)
Integration between the alkaline epimerization of N-acetyl-D-glucosamine (GlcNAc) to N-Acetyl-D-mannosamine (ManNAc) and the N-acetyl-D-neuraminic acid (Neu5Ac) aldolase-catalyzed biotransformation has been assessed experimentally. GlcNAc epimerization took place above pH 9.0, and the initial rate of ManNAc formation increased exponentially to 10.37 mmol/L(More)
Intracellular metabolism in the brains of seven infants, born at 33-40 weeks' gestation and aged 44 h to 17 days, was studied on fourteen occasions by phosphorus nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (31P NMRS). The characteristic spectral peaks of ATP, phosphocreatine (PCr), phosphodiesters, and inorganic orthophosphate (Pi) were always detected,(More)
1. The activity of creatine kinase in intact anaerobic frog muscle at 4 degrees C at rest and during contraction was investigated by using saturation-transfer 31P n.m.r. 2. At rest, the measured forward (phosphocreatine to ATP) reaction flux was 1.7 X 10(-3) M . s-1 and the backward flux was 1.2 X 10(-3) M . s-1. The large magnitude of both fluxes shows(More)
Chicken red bloods cells (RBCs) were used as a model for cell survival following hyperthermia of differentiated cells, with rat RBCs serving as controls. The purpose was to investigate whether cells heated at 51.5 degrees C with or without prior heat shock exhibited discernible differences in phosphorus metabolites, intracellular pH or Mg2+ using 31P(More)