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UNLABELLED The hepatitis C virus (HCV) p7 ion channel plays a critical role during infectious virus production and represents an important new therapeutic target. Its activity is blocked by structurally distinct classes of small molecules, with sensitivity varying between isolate p7 sequences. Although this is indicative of specific protein-drug(More)
UNLABELLED The release of infectious hepatitis C virus (HCV) particles from infected cells remains poorly characterized. We previously demonstrated that virus release is dependent on the endosomal sorting complex required for transport (ESCRT). Here, we show a critical role of trans-Golgi network (TGN)-endosome trafficking during the assembly, but(More)
UNLABELLED Current interferon-based therapy for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is inadequate, prompting a shift toward combinations of direct-acting antivirals (DAA) with the first protease-targeted drugs licensed in 2012. Many compounds are in the pipeline yet primarily target only three viral proteins, namely, NS3/4A protease, NS5B polymerase, and(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 Nef protein is N-terminally myristoylated, a modification reported to be required for the association of Nef with cytoplasmic membranes. As myristate alone is not sufficient to anchor a protein stably into a membrane, it has been suggested that N-terminal basic residues contribute to Nef membrane association via(More)
The replication of many viruses involves the formation of higher-order structures or replication "factories." We show that the key replication enzyme of foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV), the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase, forms fibrils in vitro. Although there are similarities with previously characterized poliovirus polymerase fibrils, FMDV fibrils are(More)
The human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) nef gene encodes a 205 residue, myristoylated phosphoprotein that has been shown to play a critical role in the replication and pathogenesis of the virus. One of the most studied functions of the Nef protein is the down-modulation of cell surface CD4. Nef has been reported to interact with both the cytoplasmic(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) p7 protein is critical for the efficient production of infectious virions in culture. p7 undergoes genotype-specific protein-protein interactions as well as displaying channel-forming activity, making it unclear whether the phenotypes of deleterious p7 mutations result from the disruption of one or both of these functions. Here, we(More)
OBJECTIVE Oncolytic viruses (OVs) represent promising, proinflammatory cancer treatments. Here, we explored whether OV-induced innate immune responses could simultaneously inhibit HCV while suppressing hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Furthermore, we extended this exemplar to other models of virus-associated cancer. DESIGN AND RESULTS Clinical grade(More)
Infectious hepatitis C virus (HCV) particle production in the genotype 2a JFH-1-based cell culture system involves non-structural proteins in addition to canonical virion components. NS2 has been proposed to act as a protein adaptor, co-ordinating the early stages of virion assembly. However, other studies have identified late-acting roles for this protein,(More)
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