Matthew J. Bellman

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Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) has been shown to impart a number of health benefits and can be used to produce functional outcomes. However, one limitation of NMES is the onset of NMES-induced fatigue. Multi-channel asynchronous stimulation has been shown to reduce NMES-induced fatigue compared to conventional single-channel stimulation.(More)
INTRODUCTION Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) has been shown to be an effective treatment for muscular dysfunction. Yet, a fundamental barrier to NMES treatments is the rapid onset of muscle fatigue. The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of feedback-based frequency modulation on the closed-loop performance of the quadriceps during(More)
Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) is commonly used in rehabilitative settings and is also used for assistive purposes to create functional movements, where it is termed functional electrical stimulation (FES). One limitation of NMES/FES is early onset of muscle fatigue. NMES-induced fatigue can be reduced by switching between multiple stimulation(More)
Functional electrical stimulation (FES) is used to activate the dysfunctional lower limb muscles of individuals with neuromuscular disorders to produce cycling as a means of exercise and rehabilitation. In this paper, a stimulation pattern for quadriceps femoris-only FES-cycling is derived based on the effectiveness of knee joint torque in producing forward(More)
A functional electrical stimulation (FES)-based tracking controller is developed to enable cycling based on a strategy to yield force direction efficiency by exploiting antagonistic bi-articular muscles. Given the input redundancy naturally occurring among multiple muscle groups, the force direction at the pedal is explicitly determined as a means to(More)
Cycling induced by functional electrical stimulation (FES) is an effective means for exercise and rehabilitation of individuals suffering from neurological disorders such as stroke, spinal cord injury, and cerebral palsy. To achieve FES-cycling, potential fields are alternately applied across muscle groups in the lower extremities. Alternating stimulation(More)
An upper motor neuron lesion (UMNL) can be caused by various neurological disorders or trauma and leads to disabilities. Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) is a technique that is widely used for rehabilitation and restoration of motor function for people suffering from UMNL. Typically, stability analysis for closed-loop NMES ignores the modulated(More)
Functional electrical stimulation (FES) can be used to activate the dysfunctional lower limb muscles of individuals with neurological disorders to produce cycling as a means of rehabilitation. However, previous literature suggests that poor muscle control and nonphysiological muscle fiber recruitment during FES-cycling causes lower efficiency and power(More)
Cycling induced by automatic control of functional electrical stimulation provides a means of therapeutic exercise and functional restoration for people affected by paralysis. During cycling induced by functional electrical stimulation, various muscle groups are stimulated according to the cycle crank angle; however, because of kinematic constraints on the(More)