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AIMS The aim of this paper was to conduct a systematic review of the published literature to address the question: "In pre-hospital adult cardiac arrest (asystole, pulseless electrical activity, pulseless Ventricular Tachycardia and Ventricular Fibrillation), does the use of mechanical Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) devices compared to manual CPR(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE In a pilot study conducted during March 14 to April 2, 2003, 2 severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) screening scores were developed for predicting SARS among febrile patients presenting to the emergency department (ED). The objective of this study is to validate these scoring systems with a different set of patients. METHODS All adult(More)
The objective of this study was to quantity the extent of emergency department (ED) overcrowding in Taiwan and to identify possible solutions. The ED log was reviewed for all patients who presented to the National Taiwan University Hospital's ED from January 16, 1996 through February 15, 1996. Charts from patients held longer than 72 hours were reviewed.(More)
BACKGROUND The Pan Asian Resuscitation Outcomes Study (PAROS) Clinical Research Network (CRN) was established in collaboration with emergency medical services (EMS) agencies and academic centers in Japan, Singapore, South Korea, Malaysia, Taiwan, Thailand, and UAE-Dubai and aims to report out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCA) and provide a better(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Refractory cardiac arrest still has a grave prognosis under conventional cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). We present the recent studies in extracorporeal CPR (ECPR) for the treatment of refractory cardiac arrest. RECENT FINDINGS Apart from the studies of ECPR in pediatric in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA), there was an increasing(More)
Note From the Writing Group: Throughout this article, the reader will notice combinations of superscripted letters and numbers (eg, " Precourse Preparation EIT-018A "). These call-outs are hyperlinked to evidence-based worksheets, which were used in the development of this article. An appendix of worksheets, applicable to this article, is located at the end(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aimed to undertake a systematic review and meta-analysis to summarize evidence on the diagnostic value of ultrasonography for the assessment of endotracheal tube placement in adult patients. METHODS The major databases, PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library, were searched for studies published from inception to June 2014. We(More)
OBJECTIVE Several studies have disclosed the importance of serum adrenocorticotropic hormone and cortisol levels in resuscitation. The objective of this study was to observe the effect of hydrocortisone on the outcome of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients. DESIGN Prospective, nonrandomized, open-labeled clinical trial. SETTING Emergency(More)
OBJECTIVE Quality assurance to optimize clinical resuscitation performance is important. The aims of the present study were to identify the deficiencies in the clinical practice of resuscitation by motion analysis of video-recorded cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), and to evaluate the effectiveness of quality improvement strategies based on audio-prompt(More)
INTRODUCTION Emergency medical dispatchers are the entry points to the emergency medical services (EMS). The overall performances of the dispatchers are imperative determinants of the emergency medical services dispatching system. There is little data on the cultural and language impacts on emergency medical dispatch. OBJECTIVE This study examined the(More)