Matthew Hansen

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Postnatal development of the distribution of different isoforms of purinergic (P2X) receptors on smooth muscle cells in relation to the development of the innervation of the cells by nerve varicosities in the rat urinary bladder has been determined with immunofluorescence and confocal microscopy. Antibodies against the extracellular domains of the P2X(1) to(More)
Water soluble fullerenes, such as the hydroxylated fullerene, fullerenol (C₆₀OHx), are currently under development for diagnostic and therapeutic biomedical applications in the field of nanotechnology. These molecules have been shown to undergo urinary clearance, yet there is limited data available on their renal biocompatibility. Here we examine the(More)
The distribution of purinergic (P2X1 and P2X2) receptors on smooth muscle cells in relation to autonomic nerve varicosities in rat blood vessels has been determined using immunofluorescence and confocal microscopy. P2X1 and P2X2 receptors were visualised using rabbit polyclonal antibodies against the extracellular domain of the receptors and varicosities(More)
The pre- and postsynaptic actions of exogenously applied ATP were investigated in intact and dissociated parasympathetic neurones of rat submandibular ganglia. Nerve-evoked excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSPs) were not inhibited by the purinergic receptor antagonists, suramin and pyridoxal-phosphate-6-azophenyl-2',4'-disulphonic acid (PPADS), or the(More)
P2X receptors are cation-selective channels gated by extracellular adenosine triphosphate (ATP). There are relatively few known types of ligand-gated receptors. In vertebrates they include acetylcholine (Ach), 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), glycine, and glutamate as well as ATP. Ach, 5-HT, GABA and glycine ligand-gated receptors(More)
The distribution of purinergic (P2x1) receptors on smooth muscle cells in relation to autonomic nerve varicosities in the rat urinary bladder has been determined using immunofluorescence and confocal microscopy. P2x1 receptors were visualized using rabbit polyclonal antibodies against the extracellular domain of the P2x1 receptor, and varicosities were(More)
Proteins bound to nanoparticle surfaces are known to affect particle clearance by influencing immune cell uptake and distribution to the organs of the mononuclear phagocytic system. The composition of the protein corona has been described for several types of nanomaterials, but the role of the corona in nanoparticle biocompatibility is not well established.(More)
This is the first report of the analysis of the ATP-specific P2X1 receptor subunit in human hearts. We have examined homogenate samples of human left atria for the presence of P2X1 receptors using Western blots. Anti-P2X1 immunoreactivity was detected in populations of nondiseased atria as well as in atria from explanted hearts from patients with terminally(More)
It has been reported that suramin, an anthelminthic, trypanocidal agent and an inhibitor of P2 receptors, may antagonise N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) subtype of the excitatory amino acid receptors. Both NMDA receptors and P2X subclass of P2 receptors are ligand-gated Ca2+-selective channels and, since the increased influx of Ca2+ into neurons has been linked(More)
Seven sequences of the proteins recently cloned from rat tissues and identified as P2X receptors are examined. Their putative transmembrane and extracellular domains and the most probable locations of disulphide bridges are discussed. Some surface accessible regions are identified and the structure of the putative ATP binding domain is discussed in the(More)