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The P-type ATPases translocate cations across membranes using the energy provided by ATP hydrolysis. CopA from Archaeoglobus fulgidus is a hyperthermophilic ATPase responsible for the cellular export of Cu+ and is a member of the heavy metal P1B-type ATPase subfamily, which includes the related Wilson and Menkes diseases proteins. The Cu+-ATPases are(More)
Bacterial multicomponent monooxygenases (BMMs) catalyze the O2-dependent hydroxylation of hydrocarbons at a carboxylate-bridged diiron center similar to those that occur in a variety of dimetallic oxygen-utilizing enzymes. BMMs have found numerous biodegradation and biocatalytic applications. Recent investigations have begun to reveal how BMMs perform their(More)
Copper homeostasis is maintained in part by membrane-bound P(1B)-type ATPases that are found in all organisms and drive the transport of this essential, yet toxic, metal ion across cellular membranes. CopA from Archaeoglobus fulgidus is a hyperthermophilic member of this ATPase subfamily and is homologous to the human Wilson and Menkes disease ATPases. To(More)
For numerous enzymes reactive toward small gaseous compounds, growing evidence indicates that these substrates diffuse into active site pockets through defined pathways in the protein matrix. Toluene/o-xylene monooxygenase hydroxylase is a dioxygen-activating enzyme. Structural analysis suggests two possible pathways for dioxygen access through the(More)
FAD and NAD(P)H-dependent coenzyme A disulfide reductases/polysulfide reductases (CoADR/Psr) have been proposed to be important for the reduction of sulfur and disulfides in the sulfur-reducing anaerobic hyperthermophiles Pyrococcus horikoshii and Pyrococcus furiosus; however, the form(s) of sulfur that the enzyme actually reduces are not clear. Here we(More)
Copper-containing enzymes that react with O(2) play a key role in many biological processes. Mononuclear, dinuclear and trinuclear copper centers function in O(2) binding, activation and subsequent substrate oxidation. Recent advances in the structural biology of O(2)-activating copper enzymes range from the identification of novel copper centers, such as(More)
Phenol hydroxylase (PH) belongs to a family of bacterial multicomponent monooxygenases (BMMs) with carboxylate-bridged diiron active sites. Included are toluene/o-xylene (ToMO) and soluble methane (sMMO) monooxygenase. PH hydroxylates aromatic compounds, but unlike sMMO, it cannot oxidize alkanes despite having a similar dinuclear iron active site.(More)
We report the X-ray crystal structures of native and manganese(II)-reconstituted toluene/o-xylene monooxygenase hydroxylase (ToMOH) from Pseudomonas stutzeri OX1 to 1.85 and 2.20 A resolution, respectively. The structures reveal that reduction of the dimetallic active site is accompanied by a carboxylate shift and alteration of the coordination environment(More)
The soluble methane monooxygenase hydroxylase (MMOH) alpha-subunit contains a series of cavities that delineate the route of substrate entrance to and product egress from the buried carboxylate-bridged diiron center. The presence of discrete cavities is a major structural difference between MMOH, which can hydroxylate methane, and toluene/o-xylene(More)