Matthew H. Fraser

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Mortality, morbidity, health, functional, and psychosocial outcomes were examined in 834 individuals with long term spinal cord injuries. All were treated at one of two British spinal injury centres: the National Spinal Injuries Centre at Stoke Mandeville Hospital or the Regional Spinal Injuries Centre in Southport; all were 20 or more years post injury.(More)
BACKGROUND Disuse osteoporosis occurs in response to long-term immobilization. Spinal cord injury (SCI) leads to a form of disuse osteoporosis that only affects the paralyzed limbs. High rates of bone resorption after injury are evident from decreases in bone mineral content (BMC), which in the past have been attributed in the main to loss of trabecular(More)
UNLABELLED Central neuropathic pain (CNP) is believed to be accompanied by increased activation of the sensorimotor cortex. Our knowledge of this interaction is based mainly on functional magnetic resonance imaging studies, but there is little direct evidence on how these changes manifest in terms of dynamic neuronal activity. This study reports on the(More)
STUDY DESIGN Retrospective review. OBJECTIVES To present and discuss the outcome of halo jacket immobilisation of cervical spine injuries. SETTING National Spinal Injuries Unit in a Scottish University teaching Hospital. METHODS Retrospective review of case-notes and radiographs of all patients treated with halo jacket both as primary means of(More)
STUDY DESIGN A case report. OBJECTIVE To present and discuss the case of a patient with serious head and spinal injuries who suffered delayed haemorrhage from a post-traumatic aneurysm of the right posterior inferior cerebellar artery following surgical treatment of vertebral fracture and hydrocephalus. SETTING National Spinal Injuries Unit and(More)
Patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) are vulnerable to cervical spine fractures. Long-standing pain may mask the symptoms of the fracture. Radiological imaging of the cervical spine may fail to identify the fracture due to the distorted anatomy, ossified ligaments and artefacts leading to delay in diagnosis and increased risk of neurological(More)
AIM The aim of this study was to investigate feedback control strategies for integration of electric motor assist and functional electrical stimulation (FES) for paraplegic cycling, with particular focus on development of a testbed for exercise testing in FES cycling, in which both cycling cadence and workrate are simultaneously well controlled and(More)
AIM The energy efficiency of FES-cycling in spinal cord injured subjects is very much lower than that of normal cycling, and efficiency is dependent upon the parameters of muscle stimulation. We investigated measures which can be used to evaluate the effect on cycling performance of changes in stimulation parameters, and which might therefore be used to(More)
Tetraplegic volunteers undertook progressive exercise training, using novel systems for arm-cranking exercise assisted by Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES). The main aim was to determine potential training effects of FES-assisted arm-crank ergometry (FES-ACE) on upper limb strength and cardiopulmonary (fitness) in tetraplegia. Surface FES was applied(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy and safety of 50-mg doses of sildenafil during a 28-day period in patients with erectile dysfunction caused by spinal cord injury (cord level range, T6 through L5). BACKGROUND Sildenafil is an orally active, potent, and selective inhibitor of phosphodiesterase type 5, an important regulator of cyclic guanosine(More)