Matthew Graf

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The effect of constant light and constant dark on the circadian rhythm of the concentrations of hypothalamic corticotropin-releasing-factor-like immunoreactivity (CRF-LI), plasma ACTH, and corticosterone was investigated. Groups of rats were maintained under normal light-dark, constant light, or constant dark conditions for 10 days. Rats were then killed(More)
PURPOSE Distal radius and forearm fractures are injuries that are frequently seen in trauma surgery outpatient clinics. Usually, the wrist is X-rayed in 2 planes as standard diagnostic procedure. In contrast, we evaluate in our study the accuracy of ultrasonography (US) in diagnosing these fractures. METHODS This prospective study includes the patients(More)
Daily intravenous evening injections of 30 nmol/kg DSIP (Delta Sleep-Inducing Peptide) in rats adapted to a constant 24 hr light:dark cycle produced changes in the circadian locomotor behavior. After 3 days the normally high locomotor activity during the dark phase was reduced while during the light (sleeping) phase the animals became relatively more(More)
Hypothalamic corticotropin releasing factor-like immunoreactivity (CRF-LI), plasma ACTH and corticosterone levels were measured by radioimmunoassay over a two hour period of restraint stress. The results of this study demonstrate a significant decrease in hypothalamic CRF-LI levels 15 and 30 minutes after the start of restraint stress which is followed by a(More)
Peptide research, like all of science, requires a careful balance between building upon previously accumulated knowledge and exploring perspectives that are in conflict with prevailing views. Many of the concepts discussed here originally stimulated certain lines of research. The downfall of most of these concepts, and thus their misleading nature, lies in(More)
Since the turn of the century, it has been postulated that humoral factors induce sleep. Many compounds were proposed as sleep-factors, but only two of the sleep-peptides have been purified to homogeneity and characterized, so far. One of them, DSIP, was shown to be a nonapeptide of MW 849 and to induce mainly delta-sleep in rabbits, rats, mice, and humans,(More)
Bipolar dislocation injury of the forearm is rarely documented. It is a combined forearm injury with trauma on the elbow side and on the side of the wrist joint. We describe two different cases of this complex dislocation. The first patient suffered from a Monteggia-like dislocation fracture with transscaphoid dislocation of the wrist. The second person had(More)
The delta sleep-inducing peptide (DSIP) has been shown to induce effects other than only delta sleep. One of these effects was the paradoxical thermoregulatory and locomotor response of rats to amphetamine after DSIP administration. In the present investigation we found similar effects of DSIP on the locomotor activity in mice. However, two different doses(More)